History 06/01/20 Than awarded General Vlasov to the betrayal
General Andrey Vlasov to surrender enjoyed the high confidence of the party leadership. If not for the circumstances, fatally established in the summer of 1942 near Leningrad, it is unknown to what career heights could grow one of the most capable commanders of the red Army.
a True Communist, a true Leninist-Stalinist
In many historical works it is customary to find flaws in the moral character of the Vlasov before the war: drunkenness, debauchery… these features, as well as the duplicity of General, especially emphasizes in his book “Vlasov: the two faces of General” Nikolay Konyaev. Few people can be found who would be quite pure from such sins, especially in the chain of command of the red army of the time. As rightly noted by the author of one of the articles about him, Andrei Sidorchik, “both undoubtedly took place, but clearly did not go beyond the permissible, otherwise the career of a General very soon would have rolled downhill.”
In the years of perestroika it became fashionable to blame Vlasov in the fact that he participated in the repression against the command personnel of the red army. Thus, the historian from Kharkov, Alexander Kolesnik in the book “POA – Vlasov army” (1990) claimed that in 1937-1938. Vlasov has been a member of the Tribunal of the Leningrad and Kiev military districts. And during that time the tribunals have issued no acquittal. But Vlasov is not one of them carried, and voting in such bodies always been unanimous. For the vote against you was cruel to pay.
And it is quite strange to see the insidious duplicity in his autobiography Vlasov, where he gave himself such characteristics: “Partyscene had. In other parties and the opposition never was and no did not participate. No hesitation had. Always stood firm on the party line and always fought for it”. Well, Vlasov was supposed to negotiate withebya? And why, especially since he really had no penalty, no compromising relationships? Rather, those are right who see a pattern that the chief traitor to the Soviet Union was the man in whose loyalty the authorities had reason to doubt.
the First order of the red banner
In his book “the Tragedy of the red army 1937-1938” (1998), military historian Oleg Souvenirs claimed that, after returning from China, where he was military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek, Vlasov inspected the 99th infantry division of the Kiev military district. After learning that the commander of the division is studying the military tactics of the Wehrmacht, he wrote a denunciation. The division commander was arrested soon after and Vlasov took his place. This fact cannot be verified. Vlasov was really in January 1940 was appointed commander of the 99th infantry division, but the fact that the historian not even mention the name of the arrested commander, raises doubts.
the Government acknowledged the contribution of the Vlasov improving the combat capability of the 99th infantry division and in 1940 awarded him the order of the red banner. It is significant that the Kiev special military district at that time was commanded by Georgy Zhukov. He signed the submission of the Vlasov to the award.
Interestingly, 99th division, which Vlasov was in command during the year, manifested itself in the early days of the war as one of the best units of the red Army. 23 June 1941 and she counterattacked by invading Germans near the city of Przemysl, freed the city and restored the state border. Only on 27 June, she organized away by order of the command. 99th division was the first of the Soviet Union, awarded during the Great Patriotic war order of the red banner. No wonder Zhukov moved Vlasova.
On the outskirts of Kiev…
Vlasov met the beginning of the great Patriotic war as commander of the 4th mechanized corps South-West front. It was one of the most powerful attack units of the red army. In its structure was listed almost a thousand tanks, including 414 of the latest KV and T-34. 23 UWs corps was ordered to counter the attack on German troops. Division housing relentlessly marched more than a hundred kilometers, but in the area, they indicated, did not meet with the enemy. On 24 June, the body began to undergo a massive RAID by enemy aircraft, and then joined separate groups in the oncoming battle with the enemy tanks. It was part of the famous tank battles at Dubno. The Soviet high command has lost control of his troops. 4th corps suffered heavy losses, retreated, and was disbanded.
However, the command appreciated the personal actions of major-General Vlasov, not panicked and tried to organise the management of the parts. On the recommendation of a member of the Military Council of the southwestern front N. With. Khrushchev Vlasov was in the same July 1941 appointed commander of the 37th army, defending Kiev.
As you know, Stalin until the last moment refused to take Kiev. As a result, Soviet troops defending the city, were surrounded, and they include the 37th army. In Kiev “pot” was captured more than 600 thousand Soviet soldiers. Vlasov was one of the few who managed to orchestrate a successful break out of the encirclement and rescue the staff of the army and of the troops. In these battles, Vlasov was wounded.
…and to Moscow
After treatment at the hospital Vlasov was appointed the commander of the 20th army, concentrated on the outskirts of Moscow. In the Vlasov took command. 20 army stopped the German offensive in the area of Krasnaya Polyana, where the Germans close to our capital. On 5 December, the army launched a counteroffensive and consistently released Solnechnogorsk and Volokolamsk.
13 December, the Soviet information Bureau reported on “the failure of Hitler’s plan for the encirclement and capture of Moscow”, highlighting among the most distinguished commanders and Vlasov. In January 1942 he was promoted to the next rank of Lieutenant General and awarded the second order of the red banner. View Vlasov to raise and award was signed by Zhukov, again onseemed to be his immediate superior. “Personally, Lieutenant-General Vlasov operationally prepared good organizational skills is. With command and control copes pretty,” wrote the future Marshal of the Victory.
in the Spring of 1942 the situation got the 2nd shock army of the Volkhov front under Luban. Vlasov was appointed Deputy commander of the front, and soon, by the time the new commander of the 2nd shock army. On his own initiative he went for a springboard, to lead the fighting in the encirclement. In conditions, when the Germans had cut the corridor of the withdrawal of the army, Vlasov was saved from German captivity several thousand soldiers of the 2nd shock.
the Vlasov refused to leave the army and to evacuate sent him the plane. Some believe that even then he was unfaithful, although the fact his three-week walk through the forests clearly does not confirm this. June 25, 1942, he was out of sight of the Soviet command, and on 13 July was in German captivity.
© Russian Seven
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