History 13/01/20 Regiment “Vikings”, division “R” and other formations of Russian immigrants on Hitler’s side
If the Soviet historians tried to mention about the Soviet citizens who served the Germans, something about the help of white Russians Hitler on the contrary, they wrote a lot. And often with great exaggeration.
Indeed, part of the Russian emigrants saw in the war of Germany against the Soviet Union a chance for the overthrow of Soviet power and the re-establishment of Russia in a new capacity. But the real contribution of immigrants was small in particular, because of differences in views with the German leadership on the future of Russia. There was also significant differences with the Soviet citizens who served Hitler.
However, Russian immigrants made up a few military units, who have left a trace in the history of the Second world war.
Russian guard corps
After the Civil war in Russia, most former soldiers of the White army settled In Yugoslavia. When in 1941 the Wehrmacht occupied the country, the Yugoslav partisans continued to fight with the Germans. However, they were Pro-Communist, which led to the repression of former white officers and their families.
General Mikhail F. Skorodumov has initiated the creation of security structures for the protection of Russian immigrants in Serbia. Their formation was a lot of friction with the Germans, who did not trust immigrants and agreed only to the inclusion in parts of the Wehrmacht. However, Skorodumov insisted on creation of a separate, fully Russian units which would fight only with the Yugoslav partisans and later might be sent to the Eastern front to fight against the Bolsheviks.
create a Separate Russian corps consisted almost entirely of immigrants, former prisoners of war served in it very little. Immigrants came from different countries, and with nearly 12 thousand. In addition, met and welcomepolicy from Bessarabia, Bukovina and Odessa.
On the Eastern front Russian corps were not included, the war he acted against the guerrillas of Josip Broz Tito. Had the facts of the collision of body parts of the ustashe and Albanian rebels when the Russians were defending them from the Serb population. This writes in the book “Russian Belgrade” historian S. Tanin.
In 1944 the Red Army entered Yugoslavia and the Russian corps had to fight with the Soviet troops. All that they managed to get to Austria, where they surrendered to the British. As soldiers of the corps were not Soviet citizens, none of them, the Soviet Union had not been issued.
SS Volunteer regiment “Varyag”
This connection was organized residing in Serbia, a Russian emigre Mikhail Alexandrovich Semyonov. In the First world war he served in the life guards Jaeger regiment, then in the Civil fought in the South of Russia (of course, on the side of the whites). The beginning of the history of the regiment “Vikings” correctly as 1942, when Semenov the rank of hauptsturmführer was under the auspices of the Department of SD “Zeppelin” to collect from among living on the Balkans of Russian immigrants special battalion, which was intended for airborne operations in the vicinity of Novorossiysk. However, on the Eastern front it was not sent, and brought to the fight against the guerrillas as unit of auxiliary police.
Sam Semenov left the battalion and was engaged in the organization of subversive groups to be dropped on Soviet territory. But in the autumn of 1943 he got orders to form in the framework of the “Zeppelin” special group “K”. Another name of this part is the Volunteer regiment of special assignment — SS “the Vikings” (SS Freiwilligen-Sonderregiment “Warager”).
it is unknown whether used in the selection of the shelf “Varyag” previously created Semenov a battalion of auxiliary police. According to the book by D. Zhukov, “Russian SS”, 1st battalion of the regiment consisted only of Russian immigrants. In the 2nd and 3rd battalions in 1944 have included volunteers from among the prisoners of war. But because the command of the regiment was extremely dissatisfied with the level of training of soldiers, the first footage trying to look for among the emigrants. The search was not limited to the Balkans, recruited people from Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary. Contrary to initial plans, the volunteers of “Varyag” and came to the Eastern front, they were sent to fight the Yugoslav partisans. At the end of the war, “Varyag” surrendered to the Americans. The Soviet side had given only one hundred and fifty of the former commanders of the red army, all Russian immigrants in the West.
“Special division R”
This is a connection in the course of the war most of all changed the title, and the appointment of him had also changed. It was created on the initiative of Boris Alexeyevich Holmston-Smyslovskiy, nobleman, officer of the Imperial Russian army, also a Jew, that does not prevent him to serve in the Abwehr.
Originally in 1941 was organized by the “Russian training battalion”, which was prepared saboteurs to be dropped in the Soviet rear. Later, the commandos began to use against the guerrillas. Administration and teachers were exclusively among immigrants for sabotage activities took mainly Soviet prisoners of war.
In 1943, the connection (it was already more than 10,000 people) called “Special division R” from July 1941 to 4 April 1945 it was known as “Special division R”, “the Green army special forces”, from 4 April to 3 may 1945 — 1st Russian national army. Immigrants it already is extremely small (only the user), the bulk of the “army” consisted of prisoners of war. This military connection, she never was, and was intended only for reconnaissance and sabotage.
Finished his story division “R” in Liechtenstein, where could break in last months of the war.
… and others
the Russian emigrants was established and the Russian people’s national army (RNNA). This is the name of the propaganda, officially this part was called a “Special team “the Gray head” (Sonderverband Graukopf). Supervised by the Abwehr and initially focused on the work of sabotage in the Soviet rear. Later switched to fight the partisans.
RNNA was Formed at the initiative of the Russian emigrant Sergey N. Ivanov. In its leadership there were many members of the emigration. However, the main staff was recruited from Soviet prisoners of war in concentration camps. In 1942, instead of the immigrant Ivanova RNNA was headed by the former commander of the 41st infantry division of the red army Vladimir Galarowicz Buyer. By 1943 emigrants in RNNA almost gone, and it was staffed by former Soviet citizens.
Former leaders of RNNA S. N. Ivanov, I. K. Sakharov, and K. G. Kromiadi (all immigrants) participated in the formation of the 1st guards brigade of the Russian liberation army, however, it has not been created.
They then participated in the creation of the ROA General Vlasov, but in all subsequent structures of the Russian immigrants have not been widely represented and did not play a significant role.
© Russian Seven
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