Heroes 13/12/19 Ivan the saints: how he fought “Sea Chapaev” in the Great Patriotic
Before the teenage years Ivan the saints have never seen the sea. However, thanks to his tenacity he remained in history as one of the most talented naval commanders. And in the beginning of the great Patriotic war, according to Admiral Vladimir Tributs, the author of the book “Baltic fleet fight,” the saints even got the proud nickname of “Sea Chapaev”. And it wasn’t just a physical similarity the then captain of the 2nd rank with the legendary division commander.
a Childhood without the sea
Ivan G. Svyatov was born in 1903 in the village of Pecheneg Petrovsky district. However, childhood and youth he spent in the village Bessonovka, Penza district. The fact that the mother of the future rear Admiral, Anna tracina, having an already large family, willingly gave his son to casual acquaintances, who could not have children. So tracin Ivan became Ivan by Swiatowym. About it in his autobiographical book, “Ships and men” he wrote “sea Chapaev”. However, adoptive parents, spouses Swiatowy, turned out to be quite respectable people. Therefore, to call the childhood of Ivan Georgievich unhappy would be wrong.
Parents were punished Ivan only for mischief. However, the boy liked to roughhouse, and to fish. Bessonovskiy teenagers ran to fish on the river Sura. To become a sailor Svyatov then not going: him, still a schoolboy, was more fascinated by revolutionary ideas. In 1920 in Bessonovka arrived agitators, and Ivan was one of the first entered the ranks of the Communist youth Union. A few months brisk the boy was sent to serve in the reversed while the Baltic fleet.
In 1924, Ivan the saints attended the naval preparatory school. In the period of study, career marine so captured Svyatov that he later became a graduate of the naval Academy named after Voroshilov. Started by Ivan G. post VAhandago chief of the gunboat “Poor”. Svatovo had the opportunity to serve on the border courts, but during the war with Finland he already commanded a detachment of naval support for the landing on the island. As he writes in his book “Heroes of the battle of Leningrad” G. M. Getmanets, the Great Patriotic war Ivan the saints met in the rank of captain of the 2nd rank, and the chief of staff of the Detachment of light forces of the Baltic fleet. However, in the night from 21 to 22 Jun 1941, he was appointed commander of the cruiser “Maxim Gorky”.
That the saints led the detachment of the cover based on the island of Hogland. Thanks to the dedication of members of the squad and Svyatov in particular, was saved more than 12 thousand lives of those bombing were in the water. In addition, the “Maxim Gorky” participated in the evacuation events, the crossing of the divisions, the defense of Leningrad. In 1943, the saints became the chief of staff of a squadron of ships of the Baltic fleet. But most interesting is that “sea Chapaev” commanded the January salute 1944 in honour of breaking the blockade of the Northern capital. The great Patriotic war, the saints finished as the chief of the Detachment of light forces of the Pacific fleet.
By the time it is firmly stuck the nickname “sea Chapaev”. And it wasn’t just a physical similarity. Admiral Vladimir Tributs, the author of the book “Baltic fleet fight,” wrote that the saints were a man strong, sharp in judgment, loved strong language, often not caring if it is applied about other people’s feelings, and even deliberately sparing these same feelings. As argued by the author of the story “Vasily Chapaev”, Zinaida Likhacheva and Yevgeny Matveyev, Vasily Ivanovich, too, had his words did not climb. In addition, the saints in the same way as Chapaev has not reached the highest positions in the leadership and high-profile titles.
July 21, 1944, he was promoted to rear Admiral and since then did not rise above. However, Ivan G. anything not complained. After the victory he for some time commanded the squadronOh Baltic fleet, and was engaged in teaching in the Academy named after Voroshilov, once graduated himself. In 1960, he was discharged, after which he lived another 23 years. He died in Leningrad, the city which he defended and which had become native to him. And the urn with the ashes of the “sea Chapaev” was drowned near the island of Gogland, where the saints saved several thousand compatriots.
© Russian Seven
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