Biography 04/01/20 Ivan dovrebanen: what of the Panfilov heroes was deprived of the title Hero of the Soviet Union
In November 1941, 28 Soviet soldiers of Panfilov’s division in the battle at the junction Dubosekovo were able to stop the onslaught of German tanks. Among those soldiers was Sergeant John dovrebanen. For this feat he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. But after the war were deprived of it. What offended one of Panfilov?
dovrebanen was Born in 1913 in Kharkov province. At birth was given the name of Dobrobaba, which was changed to the more euphonious. At 21, he moved to Kyrgyzstan, where he worked as a photographer in a local newspaper.
according to Dobrobabina, in the years 1937-39 he served in the red army and participated in the battles with the Japanese at Khalkin-Gol, which, however, is not supported by premium sheets. With the beginning of the great Patriotic war in July 1941, he was drafted to the front.
So dovrebanen was in the 316th infantry division under the command of General Ivan Panfilov. 16 November 1941 the division Dobrobabina, who at that time received the rank of Sergeant, was at the junction Dubosekovo near Volokolamsk. Ahead was rushing to Moscow German tanks. As argued by dovrebanen, he burned seven cars of the Nazis – four tanks and three armored personnel carriers.
at First he, like the rest of the guardsmen, believed dead, so in July 1942, he was posthumously presented the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. But dovrebanen survived the battle. It came already deeply behind enemy lines.
Information about the fate of the Panfilov heroes are different. In the report of the chief of the counterintelligence Department of the 2nd Ukrainian front, Lieutenant-General Kovalyov report Cobramarine, which shows that it is a few days tried to get to her and wandered in the Bryansk region, where he joined the partisans, commanded by some “Uncle Bob”.
Further events remindt action adventure. Dovrebanen, with him, fought alongside the partisans and was captured. Using a touch of Soviet aircraft, he escaped and took refuge in the forests. Then again, was caught by the Germans and taken to Smolensk. But this time he was lucky: panfilovets disappeared into the forests of Belarus and somehow got to the village of tarasivka in Odessa region, where he worked in agriculture.
As noted by a military lawyer Alexander Katusev in the book “a Stranger to the fame of Ivan Dobrobaba”, stories of the red army about staying in the group “people’s Avengers” contain many contradictions.
all other information are in the materials of the criminal case from November 1947. It says that dovrebanen in June 1942, entered the service of the Germans in the police village of Perekop in Kharkiv region. His duties included fighting the partisans and underground fighters. In August 1943, after the final liberation of Kharkov, to remain in his native place was dangerous, so dovrebanen, fearing punishment for collaborating with the occupiers, moved in with relatives in Odessa oblast.
In March 1944, Odessa was liberated by the Red army, and panfilovets, concealing his own past, he was again mobilized to the front. Fought dovrebanen well, has received awards for the capture of Budapest and Vienna. The great Patriotic war finished in Innsbruck, Austria in may 1945, a few months later, he was demobilized and went to Kyrgyzstan. Two years later, in 1947, against him was a criminal case of treason.
From the interrogation Protocol of December 16, 1947, it follows that panfilovets pleaded guilty to that agreed to work in a rural police. The act dovrebanen explained by the fact that he had no choice: in case of refusal he threatened to work in Germany. Investigators he was convinced he did not kill anyone and did not give up, anyway, and only waited to be able to join the guerrillas or the advancing Soviet troops.
the Stories of former Panfilova in the court did not believe. 9 June 1948 he was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment with confiscation orders and medals. Dovrebanen punishment serving in a corrective labor camp in Nizhny Novgorod region.
the First clemency petition he filed in 1951. The request was rejected. The second attempt was after the death of Joseph Stalin in 1954. This time he got a reduced sentence from 15 to 7 years and was released from the camp.
In the late 1960-ies of the former Panfilova started to require rehabilitation. Actively discuss in the press the case Dobrobabina began with the beginning of perestroika. Despite some support from journalists, the court in 1988 rejected the petition of a former policeman. He claimed rehabilitation, since atoned for his mistake of participating in the liberation of Europe.
five years Later, in 1993, the Plenum of the Supreme court of Ukraine ruled to cancel the verdict against the former one of the Panfilov heroes. Dovrebanen, however, had Russian citizenship, and the Main military office of public Prosecutor of the Russian Federation the decision of the Supreme court of the Square is not supported.
Ivan dovrebanen and has not washed off the stain of collaboration with the occupiers. In December 1996, he died at the age of 83.
In the modern Russian and especially Ukrainian historiography relevant to Dobrobabina ambiguous. For some, he is a traitor, sullied his feat by collaborating with the occupiers, for the other – the man who became a victim of circumstances.
© Russian Seven
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