History 25/01/20 How to change the order of the day Stalin in the Great Patriotic
Many contemporaries and memoirs of Joseph Stalin noted the extraordinary productivity and efficiency of this man. Especially in the years of the great Patriotic war, when decisions must be taken almost instantly and at any time of the day. Willy-nilly, under the regime of head of state had to adapt and the main governing entities of the country. To some it was easy, as, for example, Marshal Zhukov, and someone much heavier. So, what was the schedule for the day is “leader”?
In peaceful time
At a time when Stalin was living with his family — wife and two children he spends most of his time spent in the Kremlin. It was comfortable, because the apartment was next. On the “far country” in the assumption the leader went to the city only in summer and must be accompanied by family. In the 1920s, like any southerner, Stalin preferred to get up early and the morning — immediately after a light Breakfast began working techniques in his Kremlin office. This lasted until lunch, after which the leader of the long sleep.
At the turn of the 20-30-ies of the order of the day Stalin has changed. He refused an afternoon NAP and began to spend more time on the “near dacha” in Kuntsevo. Getting up at 10-11 am, Stalin had Breakfast, worked for some time with documents, solved questions on the phone. And just after lunch went to his Kremlin office where he received people. According to the records in the book of tricks, the day the leader was visited from 5-6 to 20 or more people.
Stalin’s time ended way past midnight. After a short rest, often watching film and talking with colleagues, the head of the Soviet Union returned to the dacha in Kuntsevo. To bed he went 3-4 in the morning after a heavy dinner, and in bed, was wont to read something from your personal library.
Laste suicide of a wife
his wife’s Suicide, formally submitted as a death in result of an unsuccessful operation for appendicitis, has made a painful impression of Stalin. Since 1932, he tried as hard as possible to be in his Kremlin office. In 1934, for the leader has been updated and remodeled cottage in Kuntsevo, the path to which the Kremlin takes only 12-15 minutes. Most part of the day Stalin spent there, and the Kremlin was usually from 17 to 22 hours.
There, in the Kremlin, usually arranged a late dinner with colleagues, which discussed national issues, and often important decisions were made. According to contemporaries, Stalin drank little and mostly Georgian wines, which he saw as a sleeping pill. In the mid-1930s, the leader began to develop insomnia, which largely determined his later schedule. He went early in the morning, and before that I worked a lot with documents in his country and often made late-night calls on interested questions.
During the war
With the outbreak of war the order of the day Stalin became even more extreme. As said Georgy Zhukov in the book “Memories and reflections”: “he Worked [Stalin] stress, 15, 16 hours a day… Adjusting to the daily routine of Stalin, to late nights working the party Central Committee, the Council of people’s Commissars, commissariats and the main public and planners. It is strongly exhausted people.”
During the great Patriotic war Stalin has concentrated on five posts and tried to cope with them. What “business day” gradually became a “working evening and night.” The leader stood up not before 12, if not demanded important public issues. The moment of awakening in the country of reception usually expect members of the General staff, commanders and leaders.
At the beginning of the war in Kuntsevo was equipped with an underground bunker where Stalin was working, not even leaving the Kremlin. At the turn of 1941-1942, during the battle of Moscow the same bunker in a class by itselftowel in the capital — near the metro station “Kirov”. By the way, because of the frequent work of Stalin in these bunkers, former subsidiaries of Bet, there is a legend that in the beginning of the war leader was extremely distraught and depressed — because in the Kremlin at the time he did appear only occasionally.
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