History 20/02/20 Wikipediaholic billion Russia lost during the First Chechen
Technically, the war, which will be discussed, lasted from 11 December 1994 (according to other sources – 31 November) to August 31, 1996. But the events that led to it, developed a 4-year, public statements by Boris Yeltsin in Kazan on 6 August 1990: “Take as much sovereignty as you can swallow!”. In August 1991 led by Dzhokhar Dudayev “United Congress of the Chechen people” (NCCP) was on the side of Boris Yeltsin. Russia became an independent state in December 1991.
Loss before the war,
Yeltsin had not forgotten the good and endured the arbitrary rule of Dudayev. Despite the fact that to bear the costs of the Federal center began long before the fighting.
for Example, in 1992, from the comfort of Ichkeria as began to call the territory the separatists, Russian troops left a lot of equipment and property. So, Ichkeria, the air force was estimated at 265 aircraft, not counting the An-2 and two helicopters.
from 1991 To 1994, Dudayev militants dispose of: tanks — 42; BMP, BTR — 66; guns and mortars — 123; air defense — 40; nearly 42 thousand units of small arms. As of 1995 the cost of military equipment was: BMP-1 – $108287; BMP-2 – $228641; tank T-64, depending on the modification – $ 230880 – $536028; T-72 costs $337247 – $421200; T-80 – of $936000. The dollar in 1995, with an average of 4640 rubles. It is unlikely in the early 90s, the prices are radically different. The amount you can calculate yourself, but it needs to increase at least twice – the cost of the military infrastructure, including three air bases, was in the hands of the separatists.
And that’s not all the cost of Russia. In particular, in Chechnya sent the ruble mass exported from the Baltic States, announced its withdrawal from the ruble zone (to find estimates of the volume of these money not possible). Chechnya received a free oil from Western SIBIri and sold abroad petroleum products under the quota signed by the government of the Russian Federation. In addition, in Chechnya was full of illegal frames to the Federal oil and small factory for the distillation of it into gasoline.
across the country, a wave of the “Chechen aviso” – a fake of Bank documents, which were withdrawn tens of millions of rubles.
a sound of battle
According to military analysts, the biggest losses of Federal forces have equipment on 1994 – early 1995, when there was a battle for Grozny and the town passed from hand to hand. Fighting in the field had done as much damage in the technique. What can be said about the cost of the clashes. The Ministry of defence premises military operation has cost $1 million, of which $200 thousand was accounted for by aviation. The cost of flight of a SU-25 – $20 thousand, Sukhoi SU-24 from $24 thousand to $40 thousand 1 hour combat operation of the MI-24 helicopter – $10 thousand. The use of the tank during the day was worth $5000. Its worth even shooting: the tank shot costs $200, one artillery shell – $150, 1 thousand bullets “pulls” for $30, 1 Smerch rocket – $2000, pomegranate – $8, the charge of the dust explosion – $3000. One the ka – 2.5 million rubles, the aircraft – 9 million rubles.
During the First Chechen, the Federal aviation lost one in ten, was damaged every fourth helicopter stationed in Chechnya. MI-8 is 550 million rubles, MI-24 of 840 million rubles.
the Deadweight loss of armored vehicles 225 vehicles, of which 69 tanks. Prices are higher, despite the fact that Russian troops used mostly T-80.
In Chechnya, the destruction is estimated at $5.5 billion and the burden of reconstruction fell on Russia.
macroeconomics not happy
Total costs and losses of Russia are estimated at $100 billion despite the fact that the economy was not in the best condition. Inflation for the year 1994 amounted to 214,77%, which is 625,26% less than in the previous 1993 and at 83.16% greate than following 1995. In 1994 GDP was $395,1 billion in 1993 – $435,1 bn Brent in 1994, fluctuating between $13-$17 per barrel. Taxes to the budget is practically not received. The IMF does not hurry with the loan. Yes, 11 October 1994, the country experienced “Black Tuesday” – a precipitous drop of the ruble against the dollar. Just one day on the MICEX the dollar rose more than 27% – s 3081 rubles to 3926 rubles per dollar.
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