History 12/01/20 Gulbuddin Hekmatyar: why it was considered the most terrible enemy of Russian in Afghanistan
Many of the leaders of the spooks, once fought against Soviet troops, are respectable people in contemporary Afghanistan. In September of 2019, the third place on elections of the President of the country took Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, whom the Soviet commanders once considered a dangerous enemy.
His path to power Gulbuddin Hekmatyar began long before the appearance of Russians in Kabul. A native of the Pashtun tribe kharoti, he in 1968 he enrolled at a Moscow University to be an engineer, but instead of studying I became interested in politics. There is a version that Hekmatyar a few years was the socialist people’s democratic party of Afgainstan. But then his views radically shifted to the right. After the overthrow of king Zahir Shah in 1973 Prince Mohammad Daud in Afghanistan began a period of instability. At this time, went to Pakistan, Hekmatyar became the head of the Islamic party of Afghanistan (the”Hezb e-Islami”), which broke away from the Islamic society of Afghanistan (the leader Burhanuddin Rabbani).
Hekmatyar against “the Soviets”
the Political weight of Hekmatyar grew during the Afghan war, when he became one of the most influential leaders of the Mujahideen. In 1981, the party IPA along with several other organizations joined the “Islamic Union of the Mujahideen of Afghanistan.” Hekmatyar had 52 thousand armed supporters in Afghanistan, as well as 12 thousand in Pakistan. Here in Peshawar, the headquarters of the IPA.
As the warlord Hekmatyar enjoyed special support of the government of Pakistan and the United States. Soviet intelligence called him the leader of the “extremist element of the counter-revolution”, differing from the more moderate monarchist forces. Under the control of Hekmatyar territories introduced the Shariah flourished intolerance and terror. General Mahmoud Gareev, describing the features of tactics XHekmatyar, said that he paid great attention to human intelligence. Fighting, especially with large units of the enemy, the leader of the IPA sought to avoid.
“the Main emphasis is on Subversion, bribery and tug on his side the separate divisions of government troops on a surprise attack with a preliminary insight into the environment and to the rear of the enemy, – says Gareev. – He had a lot of their people in the ranks of the Afghan army and in government structures in Kabul. In General, from this side, he represented the greatest danger. Generally Hekmatyar distinguished by exceptional dedication, perseverance and fanaticism in the fight, shrewd cunning, deceit and cruelty as against the adversaries and to his subordinates”.
Earning a reputation as the most “intransigent” Mujahideen, even in 1989, Hekmatyar was planning to strike at the last passing of the Soviet army as a sign of “blood revenge”. However, despite the extremely reactionary views, nationalist Hekmatyar was not. Among the personal bodyguards for example, he kept the Russian Nicholas Vyrodova (Nusratullo Mohamedally) – a convert to Islam and a Soviet soldier-a deserter.
“the Butcher of Kabul”
After the Russians Hekmatyar, representing the interests of the “constituent” Pashtun nation, came into conflict with the northerners – Uzbek Rashid Datumom and Tajik Ahmed Shah Massoud. He controlled the forces reached Kabul, and subjected the city to bombardment. This affected many buildings, killed civilians.
In 1993-94 and 1996, Hekmatyar served as Prime Minister of Afghanistan under President Burhanuddin Rabbani. But his bold new Islamic force – the Taliban. Hekmatyar was forced to flee to Iran, where he was expelled when he began to speak out in support of the Taliban. Attempt Hekmatyar to “fit” in a coalition government after the U.S. airstrikes and the liberation of Kabul, “Northern Alliance” failed. From 2003 to 2016 Hekmatyar wanted by the Americans as an international terrorist. However currently, the Islamic party of Afghanistan is a legitimate, albeit uninfluential political force in the country. Hekmatyar himself is living in once they destroyed Kabul and an outspoken critic of the authorities and foreign troops.
© Russian Seven
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