Fuel discounts, nine-euro tickets and lower oil prices dampened inflation in Germany in June. Goods and services cost an average of just 7.6 percent more than a year earlier, as the Federal Statistical Office announced on Wednesday. Economists surveyed by Reuters, on the other hand, had expected an increase to 8.0 percent. In May, the inflation rate was 7.9 percent, the highest since the winter of 1973/74.
At 38.0 percent, the price of energy in the month just ended was not quite as high as in May (38.3 percent). Food, on the other hand, cost 12.7 percent more than in June 2021. Here, the upward trend in prices accelerated (May: 11.1 percent). 2.1 (May: 2.9) percent more had to be paid for services.
Experts do not see a sustained relaxation in prices for the time being. “You shouldn’t let sand be thrown in your eyes,” said DekaBank chief economist Ulrich Kater. “It’s the fiscal relief measures in particular that have brought inflation down a bit.” The fuel discount and nine-euro ticket in local public transport should temporarily slow things down. “But that doesn’t get us past the fact that we will measure inflation rates of over seven percent in Germany by the end of the year,” said Kater. Only from January 2023 is it likely to go down if new crises do not break out.
The Ukraine war is driving up prices for energy, raw materials and, most recently, food. The federal government has therefore put together a package worth billions to achieve relaxation. The energy tax on fuels, for example, has been reduced to “the European minimum” for a limited period of three months since June 1, which, according to the Ministry of Finance, means 30 cents per liter less for petrol and 14 cents for diesel. At the same time, a ticket for nine euros per month was introduced for 90 days in public transport.