01.08.2022, Serbien, Belgrad: Ein Mann geht an einem Wandbild vorbei, das den russischen Präsidenten Putin neben dem Schriftzug «Kosovo ist Serbien» zeigt. Nachdem militante Serben als Reaktion auf eine geplante Neuregelung für die Einreise in den Kosovo die Zufahrtswege zu zwei Grenzübergängen nach Serbien blockiert haben, verspricht die kosovarische Regierung die Umsetzung der Maßnahmen um 30 Tage auszusetzen. Foto: Darko Vojinovic/AP/dpa +++ dpa-Bildfunk +++

After the renewed escalation of tensions between Serbia and Kosovo, the EU invited the conflicting parties to a crisis meeting in Brussels. The aim is to advise on how to proceed and to prevent such tensions from recurring, said a spokesman for EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell on Monday in Brussels. The disputes could only be settled through dialogue and negotiations.

According to the spokesman, the EU was invited after Kosovo, at the request of Borrell and the USA, had agreed to initially suspend controversial travel rules for Serbs. These stipulate that no Serbian identity documents will be recognized at the border crossings.

Instead, Serbs should have a provisional document issued there starting this Monday. The Kosovan authorities justify this with an identical procedure by the Serbian authorities when Kosovan citizens cross the border.

In reaction to the planned new regulation, militant Serbs erected barricades on Sunday in the predominantly Serb-populated north of Kosovo. In addition, shots are said to have been fired in the direction of Kosovan police officers.

All parties involved must remain calm and stop measures that endanger local stability and security and impede the free movement of citizens, a Borrell spokesman said on Monday about the dispute. The European Union and the Member States followed the events and developments with concern.

The EU has been trying for years to help clarify the relationship between Serbia and Kosovo. This is extremely tense because Kosovo, which is now almost exclusively inhabited by Albanians, split from Serbia in 1999 with the help of NATO and declared its independence in 2008.

More than 100 countries, including Germany, recognized Kosovo’s independence. Others, including Serbia, Russia, China and five EU countries, have not done so to this day.