History 31/01/20 As the Red Army used captured German tanks
the Trophies of the red army began to accrue in the first weeks of fighting. According to the documents, in the end, against the Nazis, fought several thousand captured their tanks, self-propelled artillery, and armored cars.
Collecting the “harvest,”
the Trophies in the red army decided to get planned. By the end of 1941 Armored control of the red Army created the Department of evacuation and collection of captured equipment, which operated on the basis of the order “About acceleration of works on evacuation from the battlefield trophy and domestic tank-automotive materiel”. The most fruitful for the trophies were the years 1942-1943. In 1943, when the bills were created by the Trophy Committee, it was headed by Marshal Klim Voroshilov.
Captured armored vehicles were used both as single machines and in special units, created only on the basis of the former enemy equipment. For example, the Western front in 1942 had two battalions of tanks captured denoting documents in front as “the separate tank battalions liter “B”.
did Not escape the fate of being captured or “Tigers” or “Panthers”. The last Soviet tank crews liked the 75-mm gun KwK 42, which was broken German technology at distances unattainable Soviet tank guns or anti-tank artillery. From January 1944 by order of the Chief armored Directorate of the red Army (gbtu KA) serviceable “Panther” was consolidated into a special unit of fighters and tanks were used on the tank hazardous areas. Was published “a Brief guide to using captured tanks T-V (“Panther”)”. But in the archives of gbtu KA reports from the generals that T-V — complex in the development and operation of the shells of the desired calibre are not always enough. So it’s better to use T-III and T-IV.
Used German and captured armored vehicles in the converted VIde. So, the SU-76И, the index of “And” means “foreign base”, was created based on the Pz Kpfw III. Managed to release 201 the car, after which production ceased in 1943, and the SU-76И pretty soon disappeared from the army due to problems with spare parts.
From October 1944 captured tanks were guarding the headquarters, major towns and the railway station, freeing up Soviet armored vehicles to the front.
However, captured tanks and self-propelled guns also fought in the red army until may 1945. And some even in the defeat of the Japanese on Board.
unlike trophy small arms that disappeared from the linear parts of the mass in 1942 the Soviet industry cope with the supply of troops and captured weapons seized in an orderly manner. Another thing is that German small arms centrally supplied guerrillas, they have, and spare parts and ammunition needed was easy and the battle was taking.
the loot on the ground fighting attracted Soviet citizens. So, for a domestic serviceable steel helmet, the deliverer has received from 3 to 6 rubles, depending on the number of rented helmets. The German helmet was worth a quarter cheaper.
Ogrenew ended fighting
the Academy of military Sciences said that during the years of the great Patriotic war Trophy Committee was taken from the front: 24 612 armored vehicles. Clearly, not all of it was repaired and again put in battle, some went for scrap. Was captured more than 68 thousand guns, 30 thousand mortars, 257 thousand machine guns,3 million rifles; more than 114 million shells, 16 million mines, more than 2 billion different cartridges and about 50 thousand cars. The extraction of scrap metal amounted to 10 million tons, including 165 605 tons of nonferrous metal.
IN RRKA captured tanks and self-propelled guns were used for training purposes until 1946. Then due to the lack of spare parts they were removed from service, partially turning it into a stationary target, but mostly having melted. There is evidence that the German tanks in service with Syria until the 60-ies, was postseek from the Soviet Union, like the Soviet T-34-85.
There is evidence that the village of German tanks used as tractors field plow, trailer to tow stuck equipment out of the mud to pull out. Trophy cars were mercilessly exploited in all possible directions until, until they literally crumbled.
until the mid-fifties in the Soviet economy was a whole industry involved in processing unnecessary equipment and weapons. Near the melting points were organized platform for storage and processing, which employs mostly women and teenagers. There were clear instructions how to handle firearms, how to defuse the ammunition. The serviceable part of the firearms sent to the warehouse, as, for example, captured Japanese, Polish, British rifles and machine guns after the Civil war, which then armed the militia.
one instance of German armored vehicles were sent in the Moscow suburb of Kubinka, in the military Museum.
the German helmets we had in the national economy — and as a starting base for pots and pans, and as chamber pots in several versions.
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