Another 22/12/19 5 heroes of Russian history who might be a Muslim
In multi-confessional Russia Islam has always occupied a special place. Very often, the ranks of the followers of Allah was enlarged with representatives of other religions: some transitions have been documented, others only suspected it.
Vladimir the Baptist
In the history of Russia Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich logged in as the ruler, took the unified state religion – Christianity. Neither Judaism nor Islam nor Catholicism have not passed the test ver. This view was held by all the major scientists until the collapse of the Soviet Union.
However, in 1992, the canadian historian of Ukrainian origin Omeljan Pritsak in his work “the Origin of Russia” writes that during the time of the Novgorod Prince Vladimir converted to Islam. About the same according to historian Anatoly Iron, noting that in 988 the Baptism of Rus, Vladimir left the Islam, but before the death of the Bulgar Khagan once again forced him to return to Islam.
If Pritsak this conclusion to exploit the labour of the Arab chronicler al-marwazi, written in the early XII century, the Railway relies on the collection of Bulgarian annals “djagfar Tarija”, created in the late XVII century. Is there any real evidence of the adoption of Islam, the Grand Duke?
In 985 the results of the war with the Volga Bulgaria Russia signed a peace Treaty on favorable conditions, however, Vladimir was forced to marry the Bulgarian Princess, the granddaughter of king Almush. Islam by that time firmly rooted in the minds of the Bulgars: it gives rise to some researchers consider that a Gentile could not marry Muslim women without first adopting her faith.
an Interesting detail. The Greek metropolitans did not want to canonize Vladimir Svyatoslavich. May be this position of Constantinople is associated with uncertainties in the confession of the Russian Prince?
Medieval Russia – a big mystery for historians. For example, how to explain the phenomenon of the use in Russia of the Arab dirham? E. Hutten-Chansky in his book “unit, the Grand and Royal coins of Ancient Russia” notes that the overwhelming majority of coins circulated in Moscow, had Arabic inscriptions.
noteworthy and abundance in the Ancient state of the Eastern bladed weapons engraved with texts from the Koran. According to historians, more than half of “Jericho caps” (front of hats the Russian tsars) have religious inscriptions in Arabic.
the Arabic script with lines from the Koran, there are on the most famous “Jericho cap” stored in the Armory of the Moscow Kremlin, which probably belonged to the great Prince Alexander Nevsky (in the new version, it is considered the hat of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, a converted Russian master of the Arab sample).
the Inscription engraved on the helmet, taken from the 13th ayat of the 61st Sura of the Quran: “and give glad tidings to the faithful a promise of help from Allah and imminent victory”. “These helmets with Arabic script doing in the Saray-Batu, the capital of the Golden Horde,” – said the researcher Sayat Rahimberdy.
the great Prince Alexander Nevsky some researchers “blame” in the Islamization of Russia, and even suspected of accepting Islam. So, according to PLANO Carpini, the papal envoy at the court of Batu, the child, the future Prince was educated in the Horde, absorbed the mentality of an environment that was already saturated with Islam.
it is no Coincidence that when, subsequently, Andrei Yaroslavich offered his brother to join him for a joint struggle against the Horde, Alexander refused. Loyal Tatars Nevsky basically gives them at the mercy of the largest Russian cities. It is noteworthy that the increase in the domination of the Tatars began to grow with the coming to power of the Horde Berke Khan, the first Mongol ruler who converted to Islam. With him at Alexander Nevsky has developed a pretty strong relationship.
At the end of his journey to India, Tver coopEC Athanasius Nikitin left notes, called “Journey beyond three seas”. It is a work filled with religious reflection and is the basis for the assumption that the traveler failed in the Muslim environment to preserve the Orthodox faith. Thus, the American researcher G. Lenhoff came to the conclusion that the journey of Afanasy Nikitin became the “way from Orthodoxy to apostasy”.
the Reason for these conclusions is provided by Athanasius in the pages of his “Pacing”, calling himself a “Muslim name of Khoja Yusuf Khorasani”. But, according to the traveler, it was the only way to protect yourself from the dangers from the Gentiles. He admonished the Christians who were about to retrace his steps and abandon his faith in Russia, and he called Muhammad, go to Indian land.
Another hint for researchers on the possible acceptance of Islam Nikitin was the observance of fasting in the same time frame as that of the Mohammedans: “And I go to Russia with the Duma: has killed my faith, I was fasting a Muslim fasting.” The traveler that explains the loss of Orthodox sacred books, which did not allow him to accurately determine the time of Easter.
Confusing historians and frequent use of Nikitin Persian and Arabic words. However, it is believed that in this way the traveler wanted to hide from his compatriots, the intimate details of his life in India.
Ivan the terrible
Jericho-hat Ivan the terrible was also cause for discussion on the topic of religion of its owner. It is believed that this headwear performed Russian master, familiar with the techniques of making Oriental arms and armor. On the helmet there are two inscriptions. Ancient one: “Shelom Prince Ivan the Great with Vasilevicha(s)to Vasilia Ivanovicha Ruler of All Russia Autocrat”. The other in Arabic. The Consul General of Iran Saeid Golamrez Maguni deciphered it as: “Allah Muhammad”, that, most likely, is an abbreviation of the expression “Allah is Great and Mohammed is His Prophet”.
Museum workers explain the Arabic inscription, that hat was donated by Ivan the terrible, the Turkish Sultan. But there’s another oddity. Some of the old European engravings of the Russian Tsar, receiving foreign ambassadors, he was depicted as a typical Eastern turban. For many researchers this became the occasion for reflection not so much about the faith of Grozny, as in General about the relationship between Christianity and Islam in the Moscow state, and that is what religion is considered dominant.
the Relentless search for the meaning of life and ethical ideal, ultimately brought great thinker for excommunication from the Church. But left it while he a Christian or became a follower of another faith? During the life of the writer Yakov Koblov in his book “Count L. N. Thick and Muslims” raised a question.
Leo was really interested in the teachings of Islam, as evidenced by his correspondence with the Tatar intelligentsia of Kazan. In one of the replies of Tolstoy Tatars are these lines: “Your agreement with the main points of my beliefs I was very happy. I cherish the spiritual intercourse with the Mohammedans”.
More interesting statements contained in the correspondence of the writer with his great-aunt, Alexandra Andreyevna Tolstoy. A letter in which Leo talks about moral issues, ends with the words: “And so, please see me as a kind Mohammedan, then everything will be fine.”
However, the researchers of life and creativity of Leo Tolstoy believe that all the statements of the writer should be taken only in a broad context. The very essence of Tolstoy’s teachings makes any religious dogma that pervades Christianity, and Islam, is unacceptable.
© Russian Seven
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