History 30/01/20 5 countries-allies of Hitler, who betrayed him
For the first half of the twentieth century on the world political map was 73 States, of which 62 participated in the Second world war. However, several countries had officially fought on the side of Germany and on the Soviet side. The transition to another camp of the state made in the second half of the war, when the defeat of the Third Reich was only a matter of time.
the New Roman Empire
the Head of fascist Italy, Benito Mussolini sought to revive the power of the Roman Empire and to gain control over the Mediterranean coast. To do this, in 1936 the Italian army occupied Ethiopia, and in 1939 — Albania. Aggressive policy of Rome had aroused opposition from London and Paris. In may 1939 Italy and Germany signed the Pact of Steel on the military and economic help in the event of armed conflict with a third party.
on 10 June 1940 Mussolini declared war on France and the UK, and in June 1941, the Soviet Union. Italian troops with the support of the Wehrmacht were active in the Mediterranean and North Africa, participated in the campaign against Russia. Because of military failures and successes of the anti-Hitler coalition in Italy growing protest movement against the fascist regime. After the allied landings in Sicily and conquered the island, in the country there was a coup. Benito Mussolini was removed from power, the new government signed a truce with former enemies and 13 October 1943, declared war on Germany.
the Idea of the great Romania
After the occupation of France by troops of the Wehrmacht begins the rapprochement of Germany and Romania, which at the request of Berlin in 1940 ceded to the USSR Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, and Hungary — Northern Transylvania. Despite territorial losses, the Pro-fascist dictator Marshal ion Antonescu decided to focus on Hitler, which Rwas asciival to implement the idea of “greater Romania”.
In June 1941, Romania — a springboard for attacks on the Soviet Union. Later, Romanian troops participated in the occupation of Ukraine, fought in Odessa, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus. For the support of Germany lost to ally Bessarabia, Bukovina, the territory between the rivers Dniester and southern bug. The turning point in the relations between Bucharest and Berlin came after the battle of Stalingrad, where the Romanian army lost more than 150 soldiers.
Inside the Romanian society began to brew discontent with the regime of Antonescu, which intensified with the approach of the red Army. In August 1944, king Mihai I and the opposition party ousted Antonescu and Romania declared war on former allies Germany and Hungary. For carrying out the coup, Michael I received from the Soviet order of Victory.
the King of Germany, the people of the USSR
Bulgarian king Boris III in the beginning of the war allowed Germany to move through the country the troops of the Wehrmacht and became a key ally of the Reich in the Balkans. The army of Bulgaria participated in the occupation of Greece and Yugoslavia, however, Tsar Boris III refused to Hitler in the troop for a hike in the USSR. The monarch feared that in this case, it will lose power because of strong Pro-Russian sentiment in the country.
In December 1941 Bulgaria under German pressure, has declared war on the US and the UK. The turning point came after the death of Boris in August 1943. On 8 September 1944, Bulgaria was a coup and came to power Pro-Soviet opposition. The new government declared war on Germany and troops in Bulgaria was at war with a former ally on the territory of Yugoslavia, Austria, Hungary.
Marshal Mannerheim goes to the world
on 25 June 1941 Finland joined the German campaign against the Soviet Union, which was attended by more than 150 thousand Finnish troops. For a month, they occupied almost the whole of Karelia and approached Leningrad, fixating on the occupied positions. Until the summer of 1944, military operations were limited to the participation of the Finns in the siege of Leningrad, the Soviet partisans raids and air raids. 9 Jun 1944 in an offensive against the 200-strong Finnish corps went the Red Army, which for 2 months went to the pre-war borders of the USSR.
September 1, Marshal Mannerheim offered a truce, the Soviet Union, after which the talks in Moscow, Finland pledged to declare war on Germany. The fighting was limited to clashes in the North of Scandinavia, which lasted until April 1945, and known as the “Lapland war”.
Iraq and Germany
By the beginning of world war II to power in Iraq came from the nationalist pan-Arab grouping, the “Golden square”, who opposed the increase of British influence. After the April coup of 1941 under the control of the British army there are only a few military bases. On 17 April, the leader of the nationalists, Rashid Ali, on behalf of the group turned to Germany with a request for military assistance in case of aggression of London.
In may between the Iraqis and the British began hostilities, but the British army for a few weeks was able to defeat the enemy. Rashid Ali fled to Germany, and on 31 may 1941, Iraq had surrendered, and British troops occupied all the strategic points. In the winter of 1943 under external control of London, the Iraqis declared war on Berlin.
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