Yegorov and Kantaria: what fighting way passed

Biography 16/01/20 Yegorov and Kantaria: what fighting way passed “the standard-bearers of Victory”

If you ask what the famous names are remembered in connection with the great Patriotic war, the first it will be military commanders, politicians, designers. Of course, the perpetrators of the deeds of heroes, among which there may be a simple ordinary soldiers.

But the soldiers, especially infantry, can’t always remember even professional historians. Alexander Matrosov, and more? Of course, in our cities many streets are named after ordinary heroes, but that the glory was all over the country, especially in the whole world, a little.

among them, Sergeant Mikhail Yegorov and Junior Sergeant Meliton Kantaria.

“Bearer of Victory”

the Victory Banner over the Reichstag — a subject which still causes many discussions. Then the question of who first raised the banner, and the banners raised a lot. And the fact that the flag was raised even before the capture of the Reichstag, not to mention the fact that all of Berlin was fighting. To discuss this topic endlessly, but it is interesting, by and large, only historians, are deeply engaged in the storming of Berlin.

Officially, the Victory Banner was raised by the scouts of the 756 th infantry regiment of the 150th rifle division, and it was Egorov and kantariya. For which both received the title of hero of the Soviet Union.

From the memoirs of relatives it is known that Egorov and Kantaria came home from the war in 1947, and prior to that traveled around the country, primarily to military units, and was told the details of his feat.

But what seems surprising, frontline biographies of both characters is completely unknown. It would seem that any fighter, and both fought in 1941, always something to tell. During the war years much has happened, though in one or two major operations almost anyone can participate.

But, oddly enough, the biography of both famous sergeants cuaine skimpy and practically do not contain any information.

What we know about Meliton Kantaria

Information about Kantarou, as they say, a cat laugh.

According to the award documents in the red army he since 1940. According to the Soviet Encyclopedia in the fighting he was involved from December 1941. But where and how served, almost nothing is known.

In Berlin, he was part of the 150th rifle division, but as the division was formed in September 1943, then to trace his military career previously extremely difficult. It is known that kantariya was wounded during the operation “Suvorov” in the liberation of Smolensk. The 150th division in Smolensk was not, it was only formed.

Apparently, after having cured wounds, Kantaria and hit the 756 th infantry regiment. Most likely he participated in the battles for the liberation of the Baltic States, fought in Latvia and Lithuania. Then the Vistula-Oder and East Pomeranian offensives and storming of Berlin.

Awards Meliton during the war had all received after the Victory. So and premium instruments to track its path fails.

According to the memoirs of his grandson, the grandfather could not and did not like to say anything about the war. Perhaps someone will be able to restore his biography, but we can assume that no particularly exciting events in the it does not find.

biography of the partisan Egorov

Biography of another standard-bearer of Victory are also everywhere is described briefly and not very specific.

Mikhail Egorov fought since 1941, but not on the front. He was a partisan. The theme of the partisan movement in the Soviet Union were closed and many of the details were reported to a wider audience.

However, from those data in the official sources, about Egorova, you can learn quite a lot.

As stated in the biography Egorova, published in the newspaper “Arguments and facts” in 2015 (it is easy to find online), Egorov was 18 years old when the Great Patriotic war. But the army was not taken, as the draft age was then 19 years old. Pthe donkey that Smolensk region was occupied, Michael had joined the guerrillas.

on the day of his 19th birthday, Mikhail Yegorov was officially enlisted in the partisan detachment “13”, commanded by the future hero of the Soviet Union Sergey Grishin. Then fought in the legendary group “Batey”, was a reconnaissance platoon leader in the guerrilla regiment I. Sadchikov. On account of his – 5 launched derailed enemy trains.

This information needs to be explained and further clarified.

first, in 1941 the draft age was 19 years, but immediately after the war mobilization were all 18-year-old. In any case, to leave the Germans did not leave the male population from 18 to 55 years, and often sixteen. Because Egorov was to be mobilized, and, apparently, was enrolled in one of the forming partisan units. And this was long before his 19th birthday.

the Guerrilla group Grishina, actually called the 13th guerrilla regiment of special purpose. Such regiments were formed specifically to conduct reconnaissance and sabotage activities in the rear of the Germans. They had a structure similar to the shelves of the red army, the personnel had a military rank of the red army, and usually wore army uniforms with insignias.

the 13th regiment was formed from the encircled different parts, he commanded them to former tank commander and the future Hero of the Soviet Union Sergey Grishin. How it got to them Egorov — unknown details of the combat and the formation of such parts is still not disclosed.

But we know that in July 1942, Mikhail Yegorov was transferred to Smolensk guerrilla regiment of special purpose. Already the commander of the reconnaissance platoon. In lists of staff of the special forces regiment and his name is listed under number 9. He commanded a regiment major Ivan Sadchikov. The regiment operated in the Smolensk, Orsha, Borisov.

Later the regiment was transferred under the Vitebsk, Usha-Lepelskoe guerrilla zone. And there he was not in the German rear, and in whetherNIJ front. Displayed on vacation to the mainland.

the Regiment, as other joints areas, was almost completely destroyed in the Polotsk-Lepel battle, known as the German operation “spring Festival” (Fruhlingsfest).

In the book of Sergey Raikov, “a Look through time. Polotsk-Lepel 1944 may”, dedicated to this operation, there is mention of the fact that during the breakout from the encirclement, among other distinguished scout Michael Egorov. And it was on 5 may, the day when he was 22 years old.

the Remnants of the regiment in July 1944, was withdrawn to the rear, and in December, Sergeant Mikhail Yegorov was sent to the 150 rifle division, which was supplemented with personal compositions after heavy fighting in the Baltic States.

Even from this brief information it is clear that Yegorov had anything to tell. Moreover, if on his account, even derailed trains that scout a bit strange. Still, the scouts ‘ work was different, and sabotage dabbled in other divisions.

And ended their combat intelligence officer of the guerrillas Egorov on the dome of the Reichstag, four days before his 23 birthday.

Cyril Shishkin

© Russian Seven

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