History 02/02/20 Why military Newspapers disappeared, the slogan “proletarians of all countries, unite!”
in the Winter of 1941, during the Nazi offensive on Moscow, the Communist slogan “proletarians of all countries, unite!” suddenly disappeared from the pages of the military newspaper. What he has ceased to hold the Soviet command?
the Directive Mehlis
the Motto of the international labor movement “Workers of all countries, unite!” for years mandatory printed next to the names of Soviet Newspapers, including army. But on 10 December 1941, the chief of the Main political Department of red army Lev Mehlis in the Directive No278 ordered to put on all printed materials more topical slogan “Death to German invaders!” The former phrase is left only for brochures and flyers, pop-soldiers of the Wehrmacht.
Changes in the outreach policy affected not only the press. Guidance was sent to all party organizations. For example, the Novosibirsk regional Executive Committee on 31 December 1941, ordered local authorities to take into account the Directive Glavpura in the manufacture of banners formed military units.
“Under the battle flag with the slogan “Proletarians of all countries, unite!” The red Army took the first blow of the fascist troops in June 1941, To replace them came the banners with slogans of the great Patriotic war “For our Soviet Motherland!” and “death to the German invaders!”, noted veteran social activist Viktor Azarov in the collection of memoirs “From soldiers to generals”.
“the Slogan may not be able to target”
What is feared the authorities, deciding to change the longstanding slogan of the Communists? Lev Mehlis himself articulated the reason:
“In conditions of war with German-Nazi imperialists, when the task is to destroy all of the German occupiers, this slogan may not be able to target certain strata of the military.”
Obviously remindss soldier that on the other side of the front is the same proletarian, as he was meant to arouse unwanted sympathy for the enemy. One “wavering” during the shooting hand could have a decisive influence on the outcome of the battle.
it is Noteworthy that the original slogan appeared in German, and read as follows: Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch! Marx and Engels made these words in the ending of “the Communist Manifesto” in 1848, however, the true author of the slogan can be Karl Schapper, one of the first German socialists, has used the phrase “proletarians of all countries” a year earlier.
In the era of the Civil war, it seemed that the world revolution really is about to begin. But in the 1930s the slogan turned into ideological clichés behind which hid much less the actual content than even praises the “father of Nations”. And in an alarming 1941 phraseology of internationalism came into conflict with the authorities of the revived Russian patriotism. Doctor of historical Sciences Alexander Vdovin calls the new policies of the Stalinist era war “nationalist policy”. The researcher cites the following words of Stalin, made during a conversation with an American diplomat Averell Harriman in the September 1941:
“We know people do not want to fight for the world revolution; he will not fight for the Soviet power… Maybe will fight for Russia.”
Thus, to call on proletarians to unite has become irrelevant. In addition, the harsh reality talked about the fact that no one never will unite. The working class of the European countries not only rebelled against the Nazis, but he joined the national socialists, and children were sent to “Hitler youth.” The proletarians of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, was in the Waffen-SS to fight in the East. The activities of the Comintern, is ineffective before, under the Nazi “new order” in Europe became completely useless. Therefore, Stalin officially dissolved this the organization of 15 may 1943, which positively appreciated the anti-Hitler coalition.
the Slogan “Proletarians of all countries, unite!” is back on the pages of Newspapers, including the military, after the Victory. The press finally abandoned only in 1991, after the dissolution of the CPSU.
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