Whether the Soviet PPSH submachine gun German MP better.40

Weapons 19/12/19 whether the Soviet PPSH submachine gun German MP better.40

the Soviet submachine gun PPSH-41, German MP.40 which soldiers dubbed the “Schmeisser”, are among the most recognizable weapons of the Second world war. But in spite of this, associated with a lot of inaccuracies. People who are not knowledgeable about weapons and military history, gave a wide audience the wrong idea about these weapons.

the Most common myth, who came to us from literature and cinema, was the one where all the German infantry man armed with a “Schmeisser” and that was its strength. Sometimes this argument reinforces the fact that the German gun had a caliber of 9 mm, and 7.62 mm Soviet, and therefore stronger than the German. Many people do not understand that modern rifles and submachine guns — the weapons are different, strongly differ from each other, despite the fact that during the war a gun called a gun, and armed them to the fighters gunmen. Soviet and German submachine guns significantly differ, although belong to the same class.

the German army had adopted submachine guns during the First world war. The appointment of the new weapons was quite specific. It was used to sweep the trenches, when in a confined space, often in the dark, won’t the one who shot more accurately, and who has time to shoot more. There was no time to aim, and released a long burst at close range in close trenches his victims were found. In normal combat, the submachine gun lost any rifle, because they are armed with special assault team.

When I ordered the gun for the Wehrmacht, they were not planning to arm the main part of the shooters. MP.38 and his successor MP.40 was intended for commanders of squads, platoons, companies. It was given to the crews of tanks and armored vehicles, security and the rear part. Polls infantry armed with carbines. Any units of machine gunners in the German army never had. Sometimes I write about what “Schmeisser” was the German paratroopers, and some movies even these paratroopers, famously firing in the air from the MP.40 show. The gun could really be a valuable weapon for the parachutist at the moment of landing, when it is important is just to open a massive fire. But there is one “but”: the German paratroopers jumped with only one gun. Everything else they were thrown into separate containers.

When he created the gun for the red Army, proceeded from the same principles of its use. According to the adopted in 1929, the revolutionary military Council of “System of infantry weapons of the red army”, it was intended for Junior officers and various support units: artillery, machine gunners, tank crews. And border guards. The primary infantry weapon was supposed to be (and become) self-loading rifles.

But at the stage of ordering the decision was made that radically changed the fate of this weapon in the red Army. Germany and other European countries as ammunition for a machine gun chose a 9-millimeter pistol cartridge “Parabellum”. This is understandable, since such cartridges are used in pistols. In the Soviet Union were armed with revolvers. But to make a submachine gun chambered from the “Revolver” did not work due to technical difficulties. And then was selected cartridge from that adopted for service in 1930 TT pistol. And it uses a 7.62 mm cartridge “Mauser.” It is a powerful gun with a large wooden holster, a familiar audience for movies about the Civil war.

Made under this cartridge of Soviet submachine guns was more massive and heavy, but shot much further. After all, a 7.62 mm cartridge “Mauser”, though less caliber, but much more powerful 9-mm cartridge “Parabellum”. Detailed specifications of the guns-machine guns are described in the authoritative reference book “encyclopedia of small arms” weapons of the historian Alexander Borisovich Zhuk.

the result of the German “Schmeisser” was shot at two hundred meters, but a sighting of him could fire about a hundred yards, and then only experienced arrow, and single shots. The Soviet PPSH allow you to confidently shoot (and hit) single shots at 200-250 m. as the bullet retains its lethal effect at a distance at least four hundred meters, it was possible to hit targets at this distance, but shooting bursts, compensating for inaccuracy by the number of shots. And 300-400 m was the distance at which the infantry were forced to fight. So when after the war the production of self-loading rifles fell sharply, to the infantry began to arrive EN masse submachine guns, came the whole company of machine gunners. This resulted in a Soviet infantry division a large number of automatic weapons. The infantry of the red Army, using sub-machine guns PPSH and then PPP in the battle could provide massive fire. And the “Schmeisser” of the Wehrmacht for these purposes were not good, as were the melee weapons. And the Germans had to find another solution, spending on self-loading and assault rifles. All this played an important role and impact on the end results of the war.

Cyril Shishkin

© Russian Seven

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