History 23/01/20 What the white generals in exile held the Red Army in the Great Patriotic
the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union has split the white emigration. Some of its representatives openly sided with the Nazis, believing them to be liberators of Russia from the “yoke of Bolshevism”, the other continuing to be opponents of the Bolsheviks, wanted to win the war in his former Homeland.
Denikin against Hitler
So, General Anton Denikin, one of the prominent leaders of the whites in the Civil war, encouraged Russian emigration to repel Hitler. Denikin hung on the wall map and flags to mark the promotion of the red army. First East, then West. He has performed with the anti-Hitler speeches and articles. The arrest of his wife, to be, as all Russian immigrants to 55 years of age, sent to a concentration camp, nor the visit of the Gestapo officers were unable to change the position of Denikin.
to Enlist his support tried Vlasov, the delegation of which visited Denikin in the town of Mimizan, in the South of France near the Atlantic coast, where the General lived. In response to the offer of cooperation Denikin gave a brief lecture about the power of the red army and expressed confidence in the victory of the Soviet Union. There is evidence that with Denikin met and personally Vlasov. Denikin remained adamant. “I fought against the Bolsheviks, not against the people. And with pleasure would become the commander of the red Army”, — once said Denikin.
had a Denikin and a real help. For example, the historian Yuri Gordeev, citing archival documents, reports that in 1943, Denikin sent to the Soviet Union a car with drugs purchased with their own money. The Soviet authorities decided to accept the gift without revealing who it’s from.
In late autumn of 1944, in the appeal concerning 27-year-old anniversary of the Volunteer army, Denikin admired the feat of the red Army who gave their lives for the liberation of Russia from the “German plague”, and wished the red army victory.
the movement of the “defencists”
Denikin was not alone in itseat opposition to German aggression. Among the emigres played a prominent role in the movement “defenders”, who believed that there was a homeland that should be protected from the enemy, regardless of the political system. Prominent “Oborona” was, for example, Admiral Kedrov, who commanded in 1920 Wrangel’s fleet.
an Active role in the movement played Colonel Peter Koltyshev, the former senior assistant to the chief of the operational Department of the headquarters of the Volunteer army, and Lieutenant-General Petr Makhrov, former quartermaster General staff of the armed forces of South Russia. Makhrov, learning about the attack on the Soviet Union, sent a letter to Soviet Ambassador Bogomolov in France with a request to enroll him in the army at least ordinary. The letter fell and the hands of the Vichy (the French Vichy government collaborated with Hitler) and Makhrov became prisoners of the concentration camps. Only through the intercession of a prominent General Nissel December 7, 1941, Makhrov was released and continued defensist work among the emigres.
With a request for enrollment in the red army appealed to the Soviet authorities, Prince Nikolai Obolensky. Receiving no answer, he joined the Resistance and became a prominent figure.
you Can still recall other “defenders”: major-General Vyacheslav Baranov, former chief of aviation of the don Cossack army and the army of Wrangel; the Cossack General-Lieutenant Petr Pisarev, hero of the battle for Tsaritsyn in 1919; Lieutenant-General Paul Kusinski. The latter was arrested by the Gestapo and died from torture in the fall of 1941.
General of cavalry Pyotr Popov, the ataman of the don Cossacks, sharply refused to form Cossack units to fight the red army on the side of the Nazis. Arrested by the Gestapo.
the Famous episode when worked as a chauffeur for the Germans, white Russians-the officer did not come to work after June 22, 1941. In response to demands for explanations said that is not a Bolshevik, but does not see opportunities to continue to work for the Germans after they invaded his Homeland. He died in prison.
Colonel General staff Mahin served as a counselor in the people’s liberation army Yugoslaviand became a member of the Yugoslav Communist party.
Worth mentioning of the national Bolsheviks and Eurasians. In short, they considered the Soviet Union a new incarnation of the Russian Empire, Stalin – the “red Emperor”, whose power and prosperity of Russia is more important than the interests of the international Communist circles. Accordingly, the red army is the army of their own country, where you need to be willing to win and work to win. With encouragement was made to the introduction in 1943, the year of the shoulder straps, it is assumed to be a sign of a return to tradition and the restoration of the continuity with the former Russian army.
© Russian Seven
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