What surprised the soldiers of the red Army dry rations of German soldiers

History 22/01/20 Than surprised soldiers of the red Army dry rations of German soldiers

the Power of the Germans on the composition of products is not much different from the Soviets. In the German army the supply was good, especially in the first two years of the war. In rations included bread (or even biscuits), meat (at least 136 g / day), sometimes sausage, fish, cheese, preserves, butter, chocolate, biscuits, marmalade and candies, dried fruits, fruits and vegetables, potatoes, herbs, tea and coffee, wines and liqueurs (often from conquered France and the Union of Italy), cigars and cigarettes and other products, up to delicacies, especially for officers. Of course, had this not all at once, but these foods regularly given to soldiers of the Wehrmacht. For the troops was constantly following field kitchen (Gulaschkanone they were called), which prepared hot food.

the Food, as expected, was three meals: modest Breakfast, a hearty lunch and a small dinner. As writes D. Westwood at work “German infantryman on the Eastern front, 1941-1943”, half of your daily calorie intake soldiers consumed it at lunch, so that meal, especially the soldiers waited. By the way, the soldiers on the front were given more food (“rations of the 1st type”) serving in the rear getting smaller, that was also wounded. Of course, for Soviet soldiers it was amazing: in Soviet hospitals rations were not worse, and even better frontline and meals included, and wine and liqueurs.

there was the Germans and dry rations issued to soldiers in the event of a failure in the work of field kitchens: 700 grams of bread, 200 grams of meat or cheese, biscuits, coffee or tea, 10 grams of sugar and cigarettes (6 pieces in one pack). Some rations were also added candies and tasty freeze-dried pea soup, nutritious and easy to prepare. Well, rations were in the red army packs of crackers or biscuits “Military campaign” and meat or canned fish. However, this unusual GermanEsch, like coffee in tubes (once with milk and sugar) which was bred with hot water, impressive today. This coffee is not to be found in modern dry rations. Another unusual food technology German – canned boiled eggs in the banks. They were transported in the rear part and the front. Very exotic look and Honigöl – a mixture of honey and oil. When the soldiers discovered the sweetness captured in the trenches of the enemy, then smeared it on bread or crackers.

But what was even more surprising for Soviet citizens, so it was a weak German warriors Breakfast: standard Breakfast consisted of 10 g of coffee and 350 g of bread. And that’s it, wait for lunch! Soviet citizens are accustomed to eat in the morning at least a good portion of porridge, if not more, had no idea how before a day of hard soldier’s work you can do with a piece of bread and coffee. Here’s how the American writer and journalist George. Steinbeck described the Ukrainian Breakfast in the farm in 1947: “it all Started with a Cup of vodka, then each filed on the eggs of four eggs, two huge fried fish, and three glasses of milk. Then came a dish of pickles, a glass of homemade cherry brandy, black bread with butter, then brought a full Cup of honey with two cups of milk and again a glass of vodka. It seems incredible that we ate all this for Breakfast, but we really ate it, and it was good.” Of course, here described the case of excessive gluttony even by Ukrainian standards, but in General it reflects Slavic gastronomic habit close to lunch. Not for nothing do they say that Breakfast is the main meal of the day. At such morning meal it is hard to imagine that someone can be good from 10 g of coffee and 350 g of bread for Breakfast.

Lunch and dinner the Germans were much more decent, but without much variety (for example, a side dish in almost 100% of cases were potatoes). However, as pointed out by the historian Yuri Veremeev in “the Red army and the Second world war”, his daily 3 600 calories German received. However, historians have come to the conclusion that the Soviet system of power in the army was more efficient, better balanced and better, ultimately contributed to the victories of the soldiers. Defeating the Wehrmacht and after the war, having established friendly relations with East Germany, Soviet citizens were able to more closely acquainted with the habits of the Germans.

Konstantin Dmitriev

© Russian Seven

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