What really prevented Hitler to take Leningrad

History 22/01/20 That actually prevented Hitler to take Leningrad

As the red Army, under the command of Marshal Voroshilov, and then General Zhukov stopped the German assault forces on the near approaches to Leningrad, about the untold number of German tanks rushing to the Kirov plant, you can read in any book of Soviet times. Mentioned about Hitler’s plans to destroy Leningrad completely.
However all these stories about the assault are vague. Nowhere are the plans for the assault on the city, it is unclear where and what German units and operated as divisions, tanks, planes. And even now, few of the authors is trying to understand.

it is Clear that in the beginning of the war, specific plans before the command of the troops on the Leningrad direction, nobody put. First you have to reach Leningrad, and there already to solve it. But you should pay attention to the entries in the diary of the chief of the German General staff Franz Halder, from the 15th of July, on the 15th day of the war. In conversation with the chief of staff of army group “North”, he said that taking Leningrad is not planned, it is necessary only to block.
23rd July, he writes more specifically. Forces of the 4th Panzer group intended to cut the road between Moscow and Leningrad in the area of lake Ladoga. Thus, Halder mentions that if to cut the road South of lake Ladoga, that should be enough, as North of lake Ladoga to establish supply will be very difficult. That is helping the Finnish army don’t need. Halder later again mentions about the blocking of the city.

another Interesting entry from the 12th of July, at the beginning of the war. It Halder writes about the study opportunities Kronstadt fortress to fire on the land. To this subject he again returns to the 28th of July. The details he writes, but is easy to understand what he learned. FORTS of Kronstadt able to fire at land, and how. Huge shells coastal guns capable of either slaysyou all live in the coastal strip ten kilometers. And is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland the Fort “Red hill” to be closer kilometers fifteen to twenty deadly. The Germans convinced themselves, when a few volleys of the Fort stopped the German offensive in his side forever.

it is safe to say that the study of this issue by the German command, could hardly inspire them to want to make plans to storm the city. In any case, the assault on the city, protected by such a powerful artillery, demanded the creation of the Wehrmacht’s own strong group of artillery special power. That during the offensive of army group “North” on the Leningrad direction and not tried to do.

5 September, after a trip to group of armies “North”, and familiarization with the situation on the ground, Halder, at the meeting, Hitler declares that the objectives are achieved and the Leningrad becomes the secondary goal And the main steps in the area of Schlisselburg, where to cross the river and connect with the Finnish army. More Halder, almost no mention about the actions on the approaches to Leningrad.
13th of September, Halder writes that the problem is successfully solved and the troops came to the “internal contour of the fortifications”. The reason for his joy is understandable. 11 September captured Dudergof and German soldiers went to the Nut mountain. It is the highest point of the Leningrad region and the whole city can be seen even without binoculars.

the Recent attack on the outskirts of Leningrad began on 9 September at Krasnogvardeysk (Gatchina). In this area operated the 1st and 6th Panzer division 41st motorized corps. 36th motorized division of the same corps 12 September took the Red Village and continued to advance to the Pulkovo heights. These troops were Hitler’s Directive no later than 15 to start the transfer of army group “Center”. The 12th appeared a new Directive, which stated that the transfer to start only after the establishment of a full blockade. 41st motorized corps could not withdraw from the battle your soydenene bogged down in fighting in the area of Krasnogvardeysk, Slutsk, Pushkin until the 17th. After that no more tanks in the direction of Leningrad and did not move. And the direction of the Krasnogvardeysk-Pushkin-Sankt-Peterburg is not in the direction of the city, and to the side of the Neva river, that is also the environment, not the storm.
with regard to the direction in Uritsk, then tanks there is nowhere to take. Exploration of the 36th motorized division 12-13 September, immediately after the capture of the red Village, was able to break through to the Uritsk, which is about 15-20 minutes away. But tanks in the division were not.

In the direction of Uritsk was moving only tacky part of the 58th infantry division. Further actions in this area relate to the local fighting. German tanks generally do not appear there.
there was No large artillery and special power. Huge cannon of large caliber, the Germans at Leningrad brought later, but they are not meant for assault, which the Germans never planned.
They were going to surround the city and force it to surrender by starvation, shelling and bombing. But to starve a city where, despite the cold and hunger, while the water, running the Philharmonic, impossible. If the inhabitants of the city, receiving 125 grams of bread a day, save at the zoo the Hippo, which one ate more than the population of several houses, the town no one will ever take. Neither storm, nor by a Blockade.

Cyril Shishkin

© Russian Seven

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