What of the siege of Leningrad were taken of Soviet Germans

17/01/20 Why the story of the siege of Leningrad were taken of Soviet Germans

One of the symbols of the great Patriotic war was the diary of Tanya Savicheva – girls from besieged Leningrad, which survived the death of his entire family, and she died already on the “mainland”. But while waiting for the evacuation of the people of Leningrad were dying of hunger, the NKVD used the transport in order to deport out of town “threat” the national minority of Germans.

the Beginning of the deportations

According to historians, in 1941, in Leningrad, there were about 10 thousand Germans, whom the outbreak of war the government considered as “unreliable elements.” 21 Aug 1941, 13 days before the beginning of the siege, came a secret decree of the Military Council of the Leningrad front No 196-SS “About the mandatory evacuation of German and Finnish population of the suburban districts of the mountains. Of Leningrad”. The document was distributed at 6700 Germans and 88 thousand Finns.

“Before I interrupted railway communication of Leningrad with the country on the “mainland” had to take about 28 thousand Germans and Finns, writes historian Irina Sarkisyana in the book “Leningrad Germans: the fate of the war generation (1941-1955)”

After the start of the blockade in connection with the deportation was temporarily suspended in the first winter of the siege the Germans were starving on a par with other residents. If they showed themselves in this period as a “fifth column”, there is no information.

“Second wave”

the Winter of 1941-42. demonstrated how high could be deaths from starvation. In February, for example, in Leningrad died of not less than 3200-3400 people a day. But in the spring, instead of focusing on the delivery of food, medical supplies and evacuate the most vulnerable segments of the population, city leaders thought about the Germans. A new eviction order “socially dangerous elements” the military Council of the Leningrad front, was released on 9 March 1942. The deportation was supposed to finish in 2 days – 26 and 27 March, taking every day 7.5 thousand people. First by rail brought them to the station of Borisova Griva, and then the cars drove to lake Ladoga. Responsible for transportation across the ice of the lake was major-General Theophanes Lagunov.

“on March 18, 1942, of a sudden, we, the Germans, rose, — recalled the witness of events George Fleishman — Warned 24 hours, we have to collect your bags, offered to sell something. But who would sell? The people were starving. The only thing we sold – a gramophone with records and my sled. We were taken to the Finland station, put on a crowded train. Drove up to the crossing, after which begins the “Road of life”. We got put on a small bus, Packed with things, people. Was driving on ice. Saw pit by the bombing, anti-aircraft guns stationed along the “Road”. As soon as our train crossed the lake, the bombing started. Then we were told that the next train was bombed. People who drove along this road, he died.”

Then exported the cars were waiting for the van and the same special settlements in Siberia and Kazakhstan, where were the Volga Germans.

the Moral aspect

the Theme of the deportation of the Germans blockade Soviet historiography was completely closed, apparently, because amid the horrors of a blockade this event gave rise to many difficult questions. Someone may remind you that the evacuation of Leningrad was carried out without interrupting. From September 1941 to end of 1943 on the water and air of the city took out about 1 million inhabitants. Against this background, the deportation of several tens of thousands of people does not seem a significant figure. However, no place in the bus on the “Road of life” was not superfluous, especially for children, are sometimes forced as adults to work at the Leningrad enterprises to qualify for “rich” working grocery card.

There are other moral problems. On the one hand the deportation of Germans and Finns, from the founding of the city lived in St. Petersburg, can be considered another criminal the tyranny of the Soviet regime, even if some of them could really sympathize with the enemy. On the other hand, the authorities in some sense rescued from dire conditions and potential starvation of peoples, unleashed the Great Patriotic war.

Timur Sagdiyev

© Russian Seven

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