History 21/01/20 What film took in the Third Reich based on the novel by Pushkin
As you know, the leaders of Nazi Germany at times spoke disparagingly about the Russian people and its culture. However, not everyone knows that in the Third Reich during the Second world war filmed the works of Russian classics – Alexander Pushkin.
“the stationmaster” – a film for the Nazis
In 1940, the German cinema premiere of the film “the stationmaster” (“Der Postmeister”). The plot is the Austrian Director Gustav Ucicky took the eponymous work of Alexander Pushkin from the number of Belkin what the viewer was reported already in the opening credits.
an hour and a half the Action takes place in Czarist Russia, but not in the early nineteenth century, as in the original, and in the era of Leo Tolstoy, of the works which borrowed the image of the heroine, jerseysas moral dilemma.
the Film was made after the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop, in a short period of cooperation between the USSR and the Third Reich, including the cultural sphere. From the German side it was a demonstration of respect for the Russian, especially because Pushkin’s heritage was very much appreciated by leader Joseph Stalin. In 1937 in the Soviet Union the 100th anniversary of the poet’s death his works were published in millions of copies.
Despite the fact that the cinema in Germany was under the control of the Ministry of Joseph Goebbels, glaring Nazi propaganda in the film “the stationmaster,” no. However, you may notice a theme of backwardness of Russia, with a possible hint of the future “civilize”.
“I believe that even in that dreary province once will train tract,” says the caretaker, whose role was played by the famous actor Henry George (in 1946, he died of starvation in Sachsenhausen, where he was sent officials of the Soviet NKVD. In 1998, the Russian Prosecutor’s office formally Reahave biliteral artist).
From an artistic point of view, “the stationmaster”, according to modern critics, is significantly superior to other tapes of his time. Notes outstanding cinematography Hans Seeberger and wonderful music Willy Schmidt-Gentner of referring to the Russian motives.
the fate of the film
In the year of its release, the film Gustav Ucicky was presented at the 8th Venice film festival, where he was recognized as the best foreign film and received the award – a Cup of Mussolini.
that tape to the “Russian” topic was not at that time “sedition” for the Nazis from the ideological point of view, is the fact that Ucicky in his subsequent works did not depart from the “General line” of the national socialist party. In 1941, for example, he made the film “the Return”, dedicated to the oppression of the Germans in former Poland.
“the stationmaster” was for political reasons, prohibited to be shown in the cinemas of Germany after 22 June 1941, as “very positive showing Russian.” However, there is evidence that it played in German-occupied territories of the Soviet Union.
At the same time Pushkin in States Axis has been even during the war with Russia. In 1942, the dictator Benito Mussolini asked the Director Renato Castellani film “the Shot”, based on another of Pushkin’s novel.
Pushkin and the Nazis
Despite screening, the attitude of the Nazis to the memory of Pushkin cannot be called “tremulous”. In 1941 German troops near Pskov took Pushkin mountains, and in 1944 during the retreat mined the grave of Russian classics in the Svyatogorsky monastery. Next to the grave of Wehrmacht soldiers dug a 20-metre tunnel, which was laid bombs and anti-tank mines. To clear the tomb without loss of sappers of the red Army failed. The explosive devices detonated when the soldiers took them at far distance from the tomb. Died 9 Soviet engineers. The destruction Pushkinskih Mountains was one of the charges brought against the Nazis during the Nurembergtion of the process.
it is Noteworthy that one of the grandchildren of the great Russian poet – Graf Georg Michael Alexander von Mehrenberg – during the war he served in the Wehrmacht and fought on the Eastern front until 1942.
© Russian Seven
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