What ended the last battle of the Soviet army

History 24/01/20 What ended the last battle of the Soviet army

After the revolution of 1978 in Afghanistan came to power the people’s democratic party, committed to building a socialist Republic in the country. But the party had many enemies, and the government had to call for help of the Soviet army. The troops of the Soviet supported Democratic Republic of Afghanistan from 1979 to 1989, leading the fighting against the Mujahideen, the armed opposition. Without the Soviet army to resist the socialist Republic could not — soon after the withdrawal of Soviet troops in April 1992, DRA has been eliminated.

the Last real fight (not a police action or a small skirmish) the Soviet army against the enemy army took place here in Afghanistan. This happened after the decision on the withdrawal of troops from that country and less than a month before the last column was derived (15 February 1989). From 23 to 26 January 1989, was subjected to a major military operation under the code name “Typhoon” (oddly enough, the German operation to attack on Moscow in 1941 was called as well). Before leaving Afghanistan the Soviet army had to inflict “great damage to opposition forces in Central and Northern provinces of the country”: Parwan, Baghlan and Kunduz. This would give the advantage of the DRA, remaining alone to fight with their enemies.

the Main force of the operation were 108 and 201 motorized rifle division, created and glorified even during the great Patriotic war, including the guards regiments and the past ten years in Afghanistan fighting way. Under the command of General-Lieutenant B. V. Gromov (according to legend, he will be released from Afghanistan last) Soviet forces attacked the Mujahideen of Ahmad Shah Massoud (later he destroyed the DRA became defence Minister of the new Afghanistan). Was dealt a powerful artillery and air strikes on the locations of its units, which were perfectly known to the Soviet army. Earned hundreds of guns and mortars. After that, Soviet units took prisoners from previously surrounded their villages.

In a time when everyone knew about the imminent withdrawal of Soviet troops, the militants have not attacked the Soviet part, and they, in turn, them anyway because the opposition was soon to end, what again shed blood. But this agreement was violated by the operation “Typhoon”. Who took the final decision on its holding is unknown, but probably without the approval of Mikhail Gorbachev it would not be done. The Kremlin feared that before leaving, the Massoud will cause the Soviet army a severe blow in the back. These fears fueled the leader of AFGHANISTAN, Najibullah, who hoped that the ensuing battles forced the Soviet army to stay and continue to defend his Republic cost the lives of guys in the USSR. Supported the operation and Eduard A. Shevardnadze, foreign Minister of the Soviet Union, although the military was against its implementation. But the decision was taken by policy, and the operation “Typhoon” was held.

How great strides in operation, it is difficult to judge: the fighting infantry, and the subsequent estimates of the enemy losses has not been conducted. It was burned several villages in the winter fighters were based there, among civilians. During the operation killed a few Soviet soldiers. But Afghan civilians — more than a thousand. In order not to prolong the war, Massoud decided not to retaliate against the Soviet army and did not attack in response. The departing Soviet soldiers, Afghans showed the bodies of those killed during the “Typhoon” of children. So as to resist air and artillery spooks almost could not repulse the Soviet troops managed a few. Dead Soviet soldiers lost their lives, taking prisoners. So, major Yurasov took going to surrender fighters. When they came, arms raised, from behind them was suddenly given a machine gun. Yurasov died.

thus ignominiously ended the last battles of the Soviet army. Afghanistan was the last country where Soviet troops fought a war. In a military sense they almost won, but in the political sense, the Soviet Union came to defeat. Socialism has not been possible to hold not only in Afghanistan, but even the Soviet Union. The Afghan war claimed 15 247 lives of Soviet citizens (313 still missing, 131 thousand were wounded) caused by the Soviet government a severe blow. In addition to direct financial costs (war demanded about $80 billion), the Soviet Union suffered ideological, reputational damage as in the international arena and within countries: Soviet citizens did not want neither to fight nor to send to the war their children and brothers for the sake of establishing a distant foreign country unwanted by its people socialism. The more that socialism does not bring happiness and the Soviet people. Afghanistan, tortured civil war of the 1980s, was in 1990-2000-s the source of terrorism and drugs (from there they went to the Russian Federation), as well as the location of military forces of NATO near Russian borders.

Konstantin Dmitriev

© Russian Seven

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