History 26/01/20 the Most important activities of Soviet spies in the Great Patriotic
November 5, 1918 was created the Main intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the foreign intelligence body of the Ministry of defense of the USSR.
War is inevitable
One of the most famous Soviet spies Richard Sorge. He worked as a press Secretary in the German Embassy in Tokyo and a few months before the outbreak of war warned the Soviet leadership about the German attack. However, the residency Sorge still since 1937 came under suspicion, so her message came in marked “politically challenged.” From March 1941, Sorge transmitted reports about the impending war. He was not the only Soviet intelligence officer, who warned about the imminent war. Unfortunately, proper attention, this information is not given.
Network “friend Harry”
In the late 1930s Soviet spy Henry Robinson has created in Europe a reliable network of agents who specialized in the extraction of information in the development of military equipment. Agents Robinson had said about the structure of the military factories and equipment not only in Germany but in France, England, Italy and other countries. Of particular value was information about the production and development of new types of weapons.
Robinson had been sent to the Center samples of the new shells, German gas masks, oxygen equipment for pilots, replica armor for tanks. After the outbreak of the Second world war, agents Robinson focused on intelligence activities against Germany. In Moscow were sent messages about troop movements and plans of the German command. Robinson was the one who told about the impending attack on the Soviet Union.
From 1942 for Soviet intelligence began to work one of the most successful agents – Rudolf Roessler, nicknamed “Lucy”. Through reconnaissance, the Soviet agent Sandor Rado, he passed critical information about German weapons and maneuvers of hitlerashell army. Information Ressler made a significant contribution to the victory of Soviet troops at Kursk — the details of the operation “Citadel” appeared in Moscow a few months before it started. Roessler passed information about German technology, in particular, he reported to Moscow the characteristics of the tank “Panther”.
During the Second world war in Europe acted extensive anti-fascist intelligence network, later dubbed the “Red orchestra”. In it consisted of scouts and members of the Resistance from different countries, including agents of the GRU. One of the key figures in “the red chapel” was a Soviet spy Anatoly Gurevich. In March 1940, he reported to Moscow that Germany was preparing for war with the Soviet Union. And in 1941 Gurevich inform about the planned German offensive into the Caucasus and Stalingrad. It provided the Soviet army a strategic advantage in repelling attacks.
By the early 1940s Soviet agent Yan Chernyak created on the territory of the German intelligence network, code named “Crown”. Chernyak managed to recruit more than two dozen agents who supplied essential information about developments of German weapons and the strategic plans of Hitler.
In 1941, Cherniak produced for the Soviet high command a copy of the plan “Barbarossa”. Thanks to the information agent Chernyak managed to create a radar that could oppose the Nazi air raids. Cherniak passed information about German tanks and artillery, on the development of jet and chemical weapons, on radio surveys. Only for 1944 he handed over more than 12,000 pages with detailed technical information and more than 60 samples of radio equipment.
on the Eve of the battle of Kursk Chernyak conveyed information about the latest German tanks “Tiger” and “Panther”. In contrast to the “red orchestra”, the exposure of Nazi counter-intelligence, intelligence network “Crown” escaped this fate. None of the agents Chernyak was not exposed.
Development of nuclear weapons is the most important task facing the USSR after the Second world war. And no intelligence here, of course, has not done. On procuring Western secrets in the field of nuclear weapons was addressed in a large number of GRU agents.
the most Important figure in this operation was the German physicist Klaus Fuchs. On creating nuclear weapons he had worked since 1941 in the British project “tube Elloys”. In the same year Fuchs first contacted Soviet intelligence and gave the USSR the first information. These materials have forced Moscow to speed up the development of the atomic bomb in 1942 issued a decree of GKO No. 2352сс “About organization of works on uranium”.
In England through an agent of the GRU Ruth Werner (aka Ursula Kuczynski, she’s – “Sonia”) Klaus Fuchs gave the Soviet side the data on nuclear developments until 1943, when together with his colleagues went to the United States. In the framework of the project “Manhattan”, American and British scientists have joined forces to create the atomic bomb. Fuchs was admitted to all stages of development.
the Secret information he passed through the Soviet liaison Harry gold, a chemist from Philadelphia, enlisted in 1936. Only from 1941 to 1943 from Klaus Fox received over 570 sheets of materials on the uranium project. Information obtained by Soviet agents, have greatly accelerated the development of nuclear weapons in the USSR.
Network Arthur Adams
Another important source of information about the American nuclear project was a network of agents resident GRU Arthur Adams. In January 1944, Adams was able to recruit a scientist, a code name which was designated as “camp” (real name still unknown). The scientist handed over to the Soviet agent for about 1,000 pages of classified material and samples of uranium and beryllium.
Total from 1944 to 1946 Adams was taken to Moscow, more than 10,000 pages of secret materials concerning the development of nuclear weapons, as well as samples of chemicals and equipment. Despite the fact that Adams himself in 1945 was discovered, none of its agents was not revealed.
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