History 27/12/19 “Gangs of Gulag”: Bandera against the Chechens, the Cossacks against all
In 1946-1955 years in the Soviet Gulag has developed a full-fledged war, in which life “under the sun” faced a variety of groupings. Against the backdrop of war between the Russian “thieves” thieves and “bitches” and the camp of terror was the structuring and spike prisoners, uniting on ethnic and political grounds. By frequency of mention in the documents of the camp immediately after the thieves was Western Ukrainians from OUN* and the Chechens, which were joined all North Caucasians and Muslims.
an Influential force in the life of Soviet camps were Lithuanians from the “forest brothers” and the grouping of the former Vlasov. Cruelty and adhesions differed prisoners Cossacks, who “fought” against all.
the Opposition “criminals” and “bitches” have weakened the power of thieves in the camps, and the empty niche was occupied by prisoners convicted on political charges. In contrast to the “enemies of the people” 30 years a new wave of prisoners was stripped of guilt, and had a great experience in organizing underground activities. The vast majority of prisoners had military experience and determination to confront the thieves groups.
OUN* have been using encrypted messages to communicate between the colleagues in different camps of the USSR. In addition, the “Westerners” another name for the Ukrainian nationalists, sought to take the camp positions available for prisoners. For this they went for the intimidation of prisoners from other groups and informants. Most of Ukrainian nationalists were sentenced to 20-25 years and was not afraid to additional terms, which made their action even more decisive.
Adapted in custody, and mastered the tactics of “thieves” to take important for camp life posts, the Ukrainians began to promote and even raising revolts against the regime. The attitude of “OUN”* with other groups were different. In 1952, in the camp Kamyshlag a struggle between “Westerners” and the Chechens, who have teamed up with “bitches”. Westerners tried to reach out to Caucasians, but they felt it was more profitable to be in friendship with the Russian group.
With the Balts, Ukrainians often acted in Union. So at the end of 1952 in the far camp of the Lithuanians at the direction of Bandera killed Estonian prisoner who cooperated with the administration. In 1951 in “River camp” faced Ukrainian nationalists and the Chechens, which was joined by inmates from the Asian republics. Both groups sought to put their people on administrative positions, but nobody wanted to give up. As a result of fighting the leader of the “Chechens” and his bodyguard were killed. Before his death, the leader demanded that next to his corpse lay 20 enemy bodies, and the Chechens have made every effort to complete the task.
in the Summer of 1952 at Camp Sandy against the Russian prisoners joined Caucasians, Asians and Bandera. Often, however, for the sake of living together groups tried and were able to work together. So when a Coastal camp No. 5 at the end of 1951 was disclosed by the group preparing a group of armed escape. Its leader was Russian, and his Deputy Ukrainian nationalist.
In the Steppe and the camp formed a group of Belarusian nationalists, OUN*, Eastern Ukrainians and Russian. Often political prisoners of all nationalities were United to jointly confront the criminals, who sought to crush the camp life for themselves.
By the early 1950s, many Ukrainian nationalists “brought order” in the Gulag, put themselves in most camps as a privileged elite. But they were not satisfied with, and engaged in the preparation of the rebellion. In the spring of 1952, rebel sentiment and actions were noted in the Reed camp in 1953 has risen from six camps with prison population 30 thousand people.
eetnicheskie groups and Russian collaborators did not leave “hope” at the beginning of the war between the USSR and the USA, which provoked the increase of pressure from the administration. It convicts responded with a wave of riots that swept through the Gulag from 1952 to 1953. The main force of the rebels were Western Ukrainians, Lithuanians, Vlasov and former policemen. Realizing that the power to rectify the situation is impossible, after the death of Stalin in March 1953 in the Soviet Union, an Amnesty was granted.
*OUN-an organization banned in Russia
© Russian Seven
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