History 19/01/20 “Street of the dead”: why is it called the street Repin in Leningrad
the Strict geometry of Vasilievsky island, divided into equal parts by straight streets, which were once artificially dug channels, violates an inconspicuous alley between First and Second island lines. This Repin street – the narrowest in the city, just 5.6 metres wide. Now this is the last street of St. Petersburg, where almost the entire length of the roadway is preserved paving stone diabase. But there is another difference in Repin street from other streets in Saint Petersburg- it is nicknamed “the street of the dead”. The reason its terrible and tragic past.
a Little background
Ulitsa Repina, which is now crowned by the obelisk to Rumyantsev, appeared on the map of Vasilyevsky island spontaneously, when in 1720-ies near the Palace of the closest associate of Peter the Great originated the eponymous Menshikov market. Narrow sloping trail on the site of modern street Repin served the movers a convenient route for delivery to the market of firewood and other heavy objects. First, the newly formed unnamed alley in the nation called Sand, and with only 5 Mar 1871 lane received its first official name – Solov’ev, in honor of the famous gold mining F. P. Solovyov. The renaming of the street Repin occurred after the great Patriotic war, in 1952. The reason was that the fare from the southern end adjacent to the Rumyantsev garden, adjacent to the historical building of the Academy of arts, where the Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture. I. E. Repin. During its existence, the street has seen many prominent sons of the Fatherland — N.G Chernyshevsky, M., Glinka, K. Briullov, V. G. Belinsky, T. G. Shevchenko, which are happy to tell the local guides. But only in 2005 on the facade of one of houses there was a commemorative plaque, reminiscent of the most terrible page in the history of the street.
“the Street of the dead”
“All dead. There was one Tanja”. This chilling phrase that completes the diary of 11-year-old girl Tanya Savicheva, known to many. Here in the former Solovevsk lane since 1910, and the family lived Baker N. R. Savicheva, which was not to survive the siege of Leningrad. Orphaned Tanya Savicheva will be leaving in the evacuation, where will die in July 1944. Due to its blockade diary she would later become one of the symbols of the nightmare that was happening in the city during the war. Now at the girl’s home-victim of the siege set is already mentioned plaque.
But this is not the whole terrible history of the street, but only a small part. It was here, because of the secluded location, harsh winter of 1941-1942 was organized morgue under the open sky. The first blockade winter was the coldest: the temperature dropped to -32C. Stiff body daily were brought to Solov’evskiy lane with all the surrounding streets. First, the bodies were laid out along the lane to the stacks, then they became so numerous that the dead body had to dump a bunch in, and they waited a long time for their turn for burial in mass graves or burned in crematoria – the city could not cope with so many dying. And this happened not only in the ill-fated lane. Dead on the streets during those terrible days common. Under the morgues were given houses and even the Savior on Blood, and in the ponds of modern Moscow Victory Park the trucks dumped the mountain of corpse ash.
the Siege of Leningrad lasted 872 days. During this time, in the besieged city, according to various estimates, killed up to half of the population of the Northern Capital, total population from 600 thousand to 1.5 million people. 97% of them died the death long and painful – they perished in the famine. But the power of the spirit of Leningrad to the Nazis to break and failed. Even dying, they selflessly gave the last to the front to “street of the dead” as soon as possible was the street of the living.
Now the street Repin – it is a typical angleto undress Petersburg, where nothing resembles anything about death or suffering. Just love to tickle tourists sometimes tell stories about supposedly live here ghosts, about the strange sounds, noises and screams in the night, but perhaps these stories are worthy of the sacred memory of those who were not destined to survive the siege of Leningrad. Today, the residents of the street Repin prefer to turn the tragic page of the past and create a brighter atmosphere. 18 April 2016, they staged a flash mob is “a Living street”, coming with homemade placards, on which were listed the names of cultural figures once lived here, and the names of Soviet films depicting a typical street of Repin in their episodes. Keeping of the dead eternal memory, the city continues to live. And this is the greatness of the feat of Leningrad.
© Russian Seven
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