Biography 23/12/19 “Shtrafbat” how fought the hero of the great Patriotic Alexander Pyltsyn
the Son of an enemy of the people, past the war from Belarus to Berlin, Alexander Pyltsyn was nice that he commanded the Eighth company of a separate penal battalion of the First Belorussian front and its battalions made an unprecedented foray into the rear of the Germans.
This operation completely denied the version of the liberals that the soldiers of penal battalions fought only under duress, under the threat of being shot by machine guns of some “detachments” of the NKVD.
Alexander Pyltsyn was born in the far East on 18 November 1923. For a long time, the family huddled in the barracks of the railway between the settlements of Limestone and Birakan, later moved to Kimkan.
the father of the future hero of the great Patriotic war was arrested as an enemy of the people for the remarks of the Soviet government and lost in the camps. The mark of the son of enemy of the people for Alexander Paltinum remained forever in his memories was upon him to the end of military service. But in the meantime, he managed to ten years of schooling, and then entered the Second military infantry school, from which he graduated in 1942, when the West of the USSR was already a war raging.
he Served in the littoral, then was transferred to the Urals.
Vladimir Wasylyk in their articles pointed out that Pulcina originally had planned to send the people’s liberation army of Yugoslavia, however, biography has played a trick on him: after reviewing the profile of the graduate, the Special unit decided to send an officer to command the penalty area by a company that they were perceived as a punishment.
However, officers of the Special Department explained Pulcino that to command the penalty box – no easy task. Most subordinates yesterday’s cadets will be temporarily demoted for various misdemeanours officers of the red army. After serving his term of punishment, which usually ranged from one to those months, or in the case of Ranemia or heroic deed strabatute fully restored in their rights, they returned to the rank and awards.
it is not known what difficulties were expecting the new “father-commander” to the beginning of the service – in fact many of his men were already veterans, but we know that for his behavior twenty years Pyltsyn was nicknamed Shtrafbaty because did everything possible to alleviate the plight of the “variable composition” of his company – always tried to convey to command the news about the heroic actions of subordinates so that they have reduced the time and always tried to introduced them to the awards if it was possible.
the loss of the penalty box compared to normal was six times higher, that is, Pulcino six times more often had to lose their fighters. Sometimes the fighting was so heavy that I had to lose up to 80% of the personnel.
the Most famous RAID involving Pulcina was the RAID of the battalions of the First Belarusian in the rear of the Nazis near the town of Rogachev, which took place in February 1944. The main task was the destruction of the enemy’s batteries, columns of armored vehicles of the enemy. The penal battalion he was assigned a platoon of flamethrower, which quickly dealt with the armored Nazis.
Battalion of 800 men under the command of Arkady Osipov through the minefields crossed the front line and behind enemy lines destroy several Nazi garrisons and convoys. The battalion’s losses amounted to 30 killed and 60 wounded, and the bodies of comrades strabatute brought into its territory, to make it clear that their comrades died a heroic death. In the same RAID Soviet soldiers liberated more than 1,300 local residents who were taken into slavery in Germany.
two years of the war Pyltsyn himself was wounded three times and miraculously survived. Two injuries were particularly severe – near Brest splinter pierced his femoral artery, and death was avoided by a miracle: to stop the bleeding, the captain Pulcino had to plug the wound with a rolled-up shirt.
Another severe wound he received in his head during the crossing of the Odra. Command reported that he is killed, and then him as an officer who was one of the first crossed the Oder, decided to submit the title of Hero of the Soviet Union – this title strafbomber could count only posthumously. But when it was revealed that hero is alive, he was only awarded the order the red Star. But the crossing of the Oder is not the first feat of captain Pulcina, prior to that, he fights on Narewska bridgehead he was able to undermine the “Panther”, for which he received the order of the Patriotic war.
He Pyltsyn believed that the war he was kept by the God. He himself was baptized in childhood by parents, and although he was raised an atheist, feeling that it keeps a Higher power never left the officer: he did not know how to swim and still managed to cross the rivers Dnieper, Drut, Pripyat, Western bug and the Vistula.
there have been wonderful cases of salvation, once mines rolling pins hit the machine shop, which Pyltsyn just pulled up higher and other times the bullet hit the metal spoon, tucked for the boots. And when Pyltsyn in crossing the Oder wounded fell to the bottom of the boat, it was miraculously carried it over to “his” side, after which he crawled to the trenches, where he was taken to the hospital.
After Winning Pyltsyn continued military career: studied at the Academy of logistics and transport, he served in the airborne, he headed the Department of military science at the University of the city of Kharkov. In 1981, he retired at the rank of major-General. The last years of life the General has devoted to exposing the liberal myths about penal battalions, has written several books, including “the Ledger of penal battalion” and “Pages of history of the Eighth penal battalion”, gave an interview in which he told the whole truth about the events of those days.
Pyltsyn Died 30 March 2018 and was buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery in St. Petersburg.