Sergey Korolkov: why each Sholokhov fled during the war with the Germans

History 03/02/20 Sergey Korolkov: why each Sholokhov fled during the war with the Germans,

the Russian emigrants, who left immediately after the revolution, today remembered often, what can be said about the emigrants of the second wave. Meanwhile, the number of those who left the Motherland during the great Patriotic war, there were many outstanding personalities. Among them – a brilliant artist Cossack Sergey Korolkov, the first Illustrator of the epic “the Quiet don”.

self-Taught from the village of

Sergey Korolkov was born in 1905 in the village of Konstantinovskaya of the don. The age of 15 he began to work in the fishing hamlet, and in her spare time painted and sculpted from clay. Sergei knew Cossack. From childhood he showed a unique ability – tenacious visual memory. Once seen remained in his mind as clearly as on film. Then he endured their memories in their own works. The works of the talented self-taught from the village Shmat noticed Rostov artists who Korolkova invited to attend classes in art school. To Rostov young Cossack walked on the ice of the river – so great was his desire to learn.

drawings Korolkova from the history of the Donskoy freemen drew the attention of Maxim Gorky. It was his submission in 1932 Korolkov created illustrations to Sholokhov’s “Quiet don”, and even befriended by Mikhail Sholokhov. The artistic quality of his illustrations, in the opinion of the specialists, never been surpassed, although they were not published images on them of Cossack life are too different from ‘ what has become of the village under the Soviet regime.

as for the sculptural works of the master, for them Korolkova called “don Roden”, although his style was quite similar to Radinovsky. To this day preserved Korolkovym created the reliefs of the facade of drama theatre in Rostov-on-don (song “Iron stream” and “the Death of the Vendee”).

In exile

When in 1942 Rostov was occupied by the Germans, Sergei Korolkov agreed to cooperate with the Cossacks-collaborators. In particular, he drew illustrations for the Rostov newspaper “Direct fire”, released during the occupation. In many respects the political views Korolkova was connected with the history of his family whose life was destroyed by the Civil war. In 1933, after being arrested OGPU, the artist frankly admitted:

“the Soviet government, I consider as unacceptable for people, first and foremost for themselves, the power. I especially resented the government’s policy of collectivization.”

Realizing that after the return of the red Army intercession Sholokhov it will not save (in the 1930s), Sergey Korolkov went to the West together with the retreating Wehrmacht. In 1944, paintings Korolkova, including written on the subject of the Soviet camps, exhibited in Nazi-occupied Lviv. Legend has it that Peru owns the artist’s portrait of Hitler, which the Germans put on a postage stamp, however, this assumption is disputed by the biographer Korolkova Vladislav Smirnov. But it is known that goldcrests were worried about the fate of the Cossacks. He is the author of outstanding paintings, “the extradition of the Cossacks at Lienz”, dedicated to the events of 1945. He Korolkov forced repatriation escaped thanks to the help of relatives from the Austrian camp for displaced persons, he left for the United States.

In America, the life of an artist was not easy. In Rostov-on-don is a popular version that shots were allegedly elected as President of the “Association of sculptors of the United States”. However, this is not true. Though, because Sergey Grigoryevich was not able to learn English, because of what his promotion in the professional community was difficult. However, some of his work was in demand. For example, the US Information Agency ordered Korolkova series of anti-Soviet cartoons. And in Life magazine of the don the artist has illustrated a story about rebellion prisoners of the Gulag.

To the end of his days Korolkov took a radically anti-Soviet stance. When the Ministry of culture of the USSR staged in the U.S. the exhibition, which was presented including the work of Korolkova, Sergei G. from the principle of not to visit her so as not to Finance “the Soviet affair.” The artist died in 1967 in new York.

Timur Sagdiyev

© Russian Seven

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