History 30/01/20 Patterns operation: as the USSR for the first time fought with the Chinese
the Main enemy of the USSR in the far East, as we know, was not only Japan. Kuomintang China under the leadership of the nationalist Chiang Kai-shek did not hide his hostile attitude toward Moscow. The storm, which nearly ended in a full war broke out in 1929. For the red Army, these events were the first major military conflict since the end of the Civil war.
In July 1929 in Moscow it became known about the seizure of the CER so-called “white Chinese” — parts subordinated to militarist Zhang Solano, the actual ruler of Manchuria and ally Chiang Kai-shek.
the Chinese Eastern railway, built by tsarist Russia, was served by Soviet citizens in accordance with bilateral agreement of 1924. Now the Chinese militarists headed for the alienation of the road, arresting 200 people.
“Red imperialism is more dangerous than the white”, — claimed the leader of the party “Kuomintang”.
In response to these actions of the Soviet Union on 20 July broke diplomatic relations with the government in Nanjing. Stalin decided to “tame” the Chinese use one of their top military leaders — Vasily Blyukher, a hero of the Civil war.
In August 1929, Blucher was sent from the Ukraine to the far East, where he was appointed commander of the Special far Eastern Army. Blucher knew the situation in the region in the early 1920s he was the war Minister of the far Eastern Republic, and in 1924-1927 years served as the principal military adviser to Chinese leader sun Yat-sen.
the Purpose of military operations on the river Sungari (inflow of the Amur), which began on 12 October, was anticipation of the seizure of Soviet territory by the armies of Zhang Susana.
the First thing river the paratroopers captured the city Lachasse (modern Tongjiang). The commander of ODA involved 1117 Marines The 2nd infantry division of the Amur, 14 ships of the Amur flotilla, not counting transports and 15 bombers and 6 seaplanes.
Despite the mentioned in some sources a 20-fold numerical superiority of the Chinese over the Russians, they prefer to retreat almost without a fight, leaving the city to soldiers of the infantry division.
strong resistance, the Chinese had only Foggini, the operation which began on 30 October. Under the blows of Soviet naval guns Chinese artillery fell silent. After a three-hour battle “the white Chinese” left Fogden, and the Amur flotilla 2 Nov returned to Khabarovsk.
aircraft of the red army totally destroyed the Patterns of the enemy fleet, numbering 11 ships, and 5 of them were sunk under Lagasse.
the continuation of the conflict on the CER
the Next stage of the conflict was the Manchu-Kalinowska operation, during which they used for mostly land forces. The Chinese themselves gave Blucher reason for action, attacking the village Abilitues.
Soviet troops, despite the 20-degree cold, went on the offensive the night of November 17. The city jalai Nur was surrounded, Russian aircraft began to bomb Chinese military installations. The forces of Zhang Xueliang tried to escape in a southerly direction, but the rescue of Soviet reinforcements forced them to return to the city.
on 18 November the red army launched an offensive in jalai Nur in the course of which distinguished, for example, the 5th Kuban cavalry brigade commanded by the future Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky. 35 and 36 infantry divisions of the red army entered Jailani with the support of MS-1 tanks. On 20 November, fell another city Manzhouli.
during the operation, the Red Army lost in killed 123 people. The Chinese had 1,500 dead. Among the prisoners was General Liang Zhujiang, hvastatsya earlier that “reach Chita”.
then the military Governor of the Northern Chinese province requested world. 22 December in Khabarovsk, the parties signed the contract, returningth the status quo at the CER.
In the capital, appreciated the military talents of Blucher. In may 1930 for the successful management of operations in the far East, he became the first holder of the newly established order of the red Star.
© Russian Seven
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