In the USSR the soldiers were buried Hitler

History 31/01/20 in the USSR the soldiers were buried Hitler

On the Eastern front during the Second world war killed millions of German soldiers and officers. Some of them are buried in military cemeteries, the remains of the others to date are search engines. On the website of “the National Union of Germany on care of military burial places” (“Volksbund”) listed 185 cemeteries in Russia. They buried not only those killed in the war, but prisoners of war. In total, according to the foreign Ministry of Russia on the territory of the former USSR there are 1722 German military cemetery. Next to the Germans are their allies – the Italians, Hungarians, Spaniards.

the cemetery of German soldiers in the USSR

Relatives of soldiers of the Wehrmacht often did not know where they are buried. According to statistics cited by the German public organization “Verein Kriegsgräber Russland” (“the Union war graves in Russia”), at military cemeteries in the Russian Federation reburied only about 350 thousand of the Nazis. And outside organized cemeteries lie the bones of more than 1 million soldiers.

the Invaders were often arranged the graves for their dead directly in the settlements, putting them in the crosses with helmets. However, after the liberation of the lands by the red Army these cemeteries were liquidated in accordance with the decree of the state defense Committee No. 1517 dated April 1, 1942. The document ordered local authorities to conduct on-site cleanup and burial of corpses of enemy soldiers and officers, as well as “eliminate the enemy’s cemeteries and individual graves, arranged by the enemy in the squares and streets.” Places for the burial of the “dead enemy soldiers” were to be chosen “far from settlements, roads and mass graves of fighters and commanders of the red Army and the civilian population.” Of any measures on arrangement of the graves in the order mentioned.

In practice, as remembered by witnesses, bodies are often dumped in anti-tank ditches such “natural” burials, as a rule, known to the locals, but they are not crosses and monuments, and for them, no one cares. Identify them at best on uneven terrain. Currently, these cemeteries conducted excavations and found the remains transported in several large memorial cemeteries of German soldiers, active construction of which started after 1992, when Russia and Germany signed an intergovernmental agreement.

kind of exception is the largest in the South of Russia military cemetery Rossoshki in the Volgograd region, where about 50 thousand graves (the number of names on the granite cubes – 120 thousand). In addition to the Germans, buried during the war, it lies Romanians and Soviet soldiers. However, in Soviet times, the German part of the cemetery no one cared, monuments, and the burials were here in 1990-e years.

the Cemetery of the prisoners of war

More than any other Germans in terms of burial of the “lucky” soldiers who died in Soviet captivity. Researcher Natalia Markdorf writes that starting in 1943, for the burial of the dead Germans in the areas of the camps were allocated separate plots of land, the grave was documented, and over the hillocks should have been installed columns with numbered plates. In practice, this requirement of the NKVD-MVD was observed not always due to high mortality in the camps, especially in Siberia. In Prokopevsk the Kemerovo region, for example, the bodies of the Germans were just thrown on the driveways of the mine named after Voroshilov.

After 1949, began the transfer of military cemeteries and interned under the supervision of the Ministry of interior. Police authorities, in turn, passed them on the balance sheet of regional and city municipal services. According to the regulations of the Ministry of interior, these parts were not supposed to swing open or be transmitted under construction. In fact by 1949, many cemeteries have already been abandoned or was used by the collective farms for the MSRPworld war II agricultural crops.

In 1957 the GDR government agreed with the Soviet Union that the interior Ministry return control of the largest cemeteries of prisoners of war and internees. The Soviet side was able to present only a list of the 50 cemeteries, were in satisfactory condition. In total there were 30 thousand graves. But Finance, time and effort for their preservation from the local authorities was not.

– International and national obligations in terms of registration, maintaining and protection of memorable historical places in 1945-1960 years in Western Siberia largely unheeded, and in 1970-1980s, we can talk about a complete loss of interest in the USSR and in Western Siberia, in particular, to the problem, – says Natalia Markdorf.

Our days

Now Russia’s largest German military cemetery is located near the villages of Beziers and Solohubivka in the Leningrad region it was built in the late 1990-ies. Reburied here already about 70 thousand German soldiers found throughout the region. Only the cemetery has a capacity for 80 thousand of the remains.

Care for the cemetery regularly volunteers coming from Europe in the framework of the international youth camps. This work, which involves and Russian volunteers, funded by donations from German citizens. People’s Union organises a bus trip to the cemetery, hundreds of relatives of the victims.

in addition to Sologubovka, the map of the German organization indicated memorial cemetery in Velikiy Novgorod (Pankovka) and Copra village 60 kilometers from Staraya Russa. The latter is also one of the largest in Russia, buried here 30 thousand occupants.

Another large cemetery, opened in 2013, located in the village of the town of dukhovshchina, Smolensk region. Granite crosses buried 30 thousand Germans killed not only in the Smolensk region, but also the Bryansk and Kaluga. It is assumed that after all of the reburial cemetery will accommodate 70 thousand remains.

the memorial complex Besedino at Kursk are 40 thousand dead “Fritz” – the cemetery appeared here in 2009.

the German cemetery is in Dyagilevo, near Ryazan – here lie the prisoners of war and internees.

In the southern Federal district, besides the already mentioned Rososhek one memorial is located under the Absheron in the Krasnodar region. The number buried here is 45 thousand people. As in other cemeteries, there are large stone slabs carved with the lists of German surnames.

Sevastopol has a memorial military cemetery in the village of Potter – it was built in 1998. Last rest found it on 5,5 thousand soldiers.

Note that the arrangement of German war cemeteries in Russia, not all are positive – many believe that the remains of Wehrmacht soldiers would take off to Germany and reburied there.

Timur Sagdiyev

© Russian Seven

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