Crime 30/01/20 As the USSR did in absentia sentenced to death
According to the scientific information and education centre “memorial” only during 1937-1938 in the Soviet Union non-judicial “Troika” of the NKVD, was sentenced in absentia to death about 700 thousand people (enemies, spies, wreckers, etc.). In quantitative terms, such sentences are pronounced in the USSR without the presence of the convicted person, dominated in the years of the Great terror.
during the Stalin period,
wrote the well-known Soviet dissident and Russian human rights activist and journalist Alexander Podrabinek, part-time justice of the USSR has a long history, which began, in fact, even before the formation of the Soviet Union as a state under Lenin. But the most mass death sentences imposed under Stalin in the Great terror.
the Publication of “top secret”, quoting the verdict of the Collegium of the USSR Supreme court, reported that among the most well-known and high-ranking Soviet citizens sentenced in absentia in 1941, was caught prisoner by the German generals Vladimir Kachalov, Pavel Ponedelin and Nikolai Kirillov.
“the Russian newspaper”, publishing in 2011 the material about the so-called liquidators (employees of the Soviet special services engaged in the elimination of spies, defectors abroad), reported that the first such victim in 1925, was a resident of Soviet intelligence in Austria Vladimir Nesterovich. Then, in 1938, was assassinated in Istanbul a resident of the OGPU George Agabekov defected to the British. Both traitor to the Motherland, was sentenced in absentia to death. And this is not the only cases resolve outside of the USSR, Soviet intelligence defectors.
Under Khrushchev and Brezhnev
Mainly in the post-Stalin period in the Soviet Union in absentia to capital punishment sentenced traitors – defectors (often former intelligence officers), possessingtheir strategically important for the Soviet Union information and caused considerable damage to the devotee their state.
As reported by the newspaper “Evening Omsk”, describing the escape of the MIG-25P to Japan in 1976, the former student of Omsk military Aero club pilot Victor Belenko, defected at Home was also sentenced in absentia to capital punishment (the date of the issuance of the verdict of the Collegium of the USSR Supreme court are not reported, but, obviously, we are talking about the second half of 1970-ies).
In 1978, together with his family fled to the West, the intelligence officer of the GRU, Vladimir Rezun. He claimed in an interview that the Soviet Union sentenced in absentia to death. However, in an interview with “Parlamentskaya Gazeta” (it is placed in 2000 on the official website of the FSB of Russia) the Chairman of the Supreme court of the Russian Federation Nikolai Petukhov said that Rezun-Suvorov in the USSR did not judge no court.
As he wrote, “AIF”, in the 1970-ies in absentia to capital punishment was sentenced the captain of the fishing seiner “Vishera” Pavel Dudnikov, in 1972 hijacked a ship in Greece. Eight members of his team received in the USSR to 15 years in prison.
…and when Gorbachev
Nikolai Petukhov, however, reported that in absentia death sentence in November 1985, the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Soviet bear Soviet spy Oleg Gordievsky, who fled to England. Petukhov added that this was the last such verdict in the history of the USSR, handed down by the Military Collegium.
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