History 14/02/20 How to actually Stalin was in command of the troops in the Great Patriotic
a Bike that Stalin was watching the operational situation during the great Patriotic war on the globe and looking at it wrote directives to the troops were running N. With. Khrushchev in the secret report at the twentieth Congress of the CPSU in February 1956. “And I must say that Stalin planned operations on a globe. (Animation in the hall). Yes, comrades, will take the globe and shows it on the front line” – as recorded transcript of the Congress this time speech of Khrushchev. In it, Khrushchev sought to show how Stalin was a complete ignoramus in military matters.
As was in reality? It is not about the competence of Stalin, namely about the details and about what is true or not given the words of Khrushchev. As far as we know, Khrushchev occasionally talked with Stalin during the great Patriotic war, being usually a member of Military councils of various fronts and stopping in Moscow only from time to time. Most often and most closely with Stalin in that period, communicated the heads of the General staff. That’s how they were organized and their activities.
Stalin had personally painted the hours of the higher ranks of the General staff. For example, the Deputy chief of the General staff (Vasilevsky) General A. I. Antonov was sent to the service from 12 o’clock to 5-6 o’clock in the morning. And the head of the operations Directorate of the General staff, General S. M. Shtemenko had to work from 19 hours to 14 hours the next day, but for the rest he was given hours of the day. It should be noted that Stalin himself was usually asleep at 5-6 am and start your day at 10-11 am.
the First thing in this watch Stalin called in the Operational management of staff and immediately asked: “What’s new?” The head of Department immediately began to do an oral report by telephone about the situation on the fronts, since that was the most intense fighting. The Rapporteur was not allowed to pass in his parecoline any land. If he had made the mistake, Stalin, as a rule, immediately interrupted him and demanded to return to the omission of the army, calling it the commander – Stalin always remembered all their names (and in the red army in early 1943 were combined arms 70, five tank and three guards army). Sometimes during the report of the commander in chief gave some indication to transfer to the front that one of the deputies of the head of Department immediately recorded, and then processed in the form of directives.
To the 15 hours Operational Directorate of the General staff has finished processing the data from the front for the first half of the day. The situation is put on the card, and between 16 and 17 hours the chief of staff or his Deputy was called to Stalin and made a phone report. At the end of the day, about 21 hours, were summarized new findings, changes were applied to the card, and to 23 o’clock, the Deputy chief of staff and head of Operational control went to full-time report of the Supreme on the day.
the Report usually lasted long and ended in 3-4 hours after midnight. The report, according to the memoirs of General Shtemenko, drafted various orders and directives, require the signature of the Supreme. These projects were sorted in three colored folders: red, blue and green. In the red folder selected projects of orders about relocation and resubordination of military units. In the blue folder contained different kinds of requests and suggestions. The green folder is meant for documents most enjoyable character representations on promotions in rank and office, awards, etc.
the Contents of the red folder was viewed by Stalin every night, and he put its resolution on each document. Projects from the blue folders were reported to the Supreme according to his mood, depending on the situation. Even more rarely, under the most favorable circumstances, removed the paper and in the green folder.
For each operational report the latest situation at the front was applied on detailed maps of the scale 1:200 000 (in 1 sm of 2 km – scale modern tourist topographic maps for General use). These cards display each division, and if necessary drill reached the position showing with accuracy to the regiment.
About 23 hours, followed by the call to the General staff on the phone, and the heads of relevant departments were sent to Stalin in the Kremlin or its “Near dacha” in Kuntsevo. General Shtemenko recalled:
“on the left side of the Cabinet a vaulted ceiling, and trimmed with light oak walls stood a long rectangular table. On it we unfolded the card and it reported for each front separately, starting with where at the moment place of the main events. No pre-entries not used. The situation knew at the memory, and it was reflected on the map. Behind the end table in the corner stood a large globe. Should note, however, that for hundreds of times visiting this office I never seen to use when considering operational issues. Talk about the leadership actions of the fronts on the globe are absolutely groundless”.
© Russian Seven
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