How much time could fight division at Stalingrad

Another 27/01/20 How much time could fight division at Stalingrad

Talking about the horrors and ferocity of the battle of Stalingrad, many historians often mention that the average life expectancy of a soldier it was only 24 hours. Bit. Virtually every Soviet soldier from the unit, arrived at the Stalingrad front, could start to count down the minutes until the inevitable end. However, on the other side of the front the situation was similar.

What does that mean?

of Course, this does not mean that came to the front reinforcements a day later, was completely destroyed – interpretation of statistical data is not so simple. But in a rough approximation we can say that a day after being in the front line, the division, as an independent unit, was no longer able to fully function, I needed the outlet to the reorganization and replenishment.

Who and what is a thought?

Why do we need information about the average time life of a soldier on the front line? Only in order to demonstrate how serious were the fights? No. These data are essential for planning operations, as they allow to understand, how much time will the various departments entrusted to him to keep the front and what will be the loss in the assault of certain enemy’s fortifications.

for the First time such calculations became interested in the late XIX century, Warsaw banker Ivan Blioh. Having a good command of mathematics, statistics and probability theory, he took as a basis the data from landfills: the possibility of defeat of a body target from a particular distance, the speed of movement of soldiers during the attack, etc. in addition, Bleach actively used the information of the French military establishment on methods of attack and defense.

Simple arithmetic applied loving precision of a financier, gave disappointing results. It appeared that hundreds of gunmen, who have entrenched themselves in the trenches, SPOable to knock out five hundred of attacking it from a distance of half a kilometer six hundred soldiers before it comes to blows. In fact, it turned out that even with a six-fold superiority of the attacking side of the tactic of “trench warfare” did not give her a guaranteed win.

From theory to practice

Though calculations of Blika was purely theoretical, they were close to the truth – First world war is clearly demonstrated. For example, the average life expectancy of a soldier in the trenches was about six weeks.

By the beginning of world war II – in connection with the advent of more modern weapons, methods of Blika was refined, and the results were even starker. In a bloody urban battle, where the fighting is at very short distances, most of the soldiers has a low probability of surviving more than a day.

of Course, much depends on the training of the soldier and the skills of its commander. The impact of these factors then affect how long will be the life of the individual soldier or infantry units.

Yaroslav Gorbunov

© Russian Seven

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