History 01/02/20 Elimination Bandera: what were the questions
the Murder of the leader of Ukrainian nationalists Stepan Bandera stirred up a wave of anti-communism in Europe, especially after the arrest of a Soviet agent Bogdan Stashinsky, who surrendered to the authorities of West Berlin. In defiance of the Munich detectives state security Committee of Ukraine conducted its own investigation of the crime. Version of the Soviet KGB, the leader of the OUN,* died at the hands of the ex-head of the “Ukrainian” battalion “Nachtigall” Theodore Oberlander or his henchmen.
the identity of the former Nazi Theodor Oberlander in the KGB thoroughly studied long before the death of Bandera. After the war, Oberlander made a political career in West Germany, twice elected to the Bundestag, and the government of Konrad Adenauer, he even held the post of Minister for refugees. In 1959 the Soviet Union launched a campaign against the German policy, accusing him of involvement in the massacres of Jews and poles in Lviv in the first days of the occupation in the summer of 1941. In 1960, the court of the GDR sentenced Oberlander to life in prison. The echo of the scandal has come to Bonn, and Oberlander in the end was forced to resign from his government post.
work on the version of the involvement Oberlander for the murder of Stepan Bandera, the investigator of the KGB Vitalii Nikitchenko collected data about contacts of these persons during the Second world war. And the connection between them was very close: the battalion “Nachtigall”, recruited from the Ukrainian “warriors”, bore the name of Stepan Bandera, and Oberlander as a specialist in Eastern Europe was responsible for political work in the battalion.
the Murder of Bandera coincided with an active discussion in Germany Lviv events. Just two weeks before the incident the Oberlander had at a press conference to justify himself before the public, claiming that “Nachtigall” in Lviv, “nobody shot”, and in evreyskih the pogroms of 30 June – 1 July solely to blame militants of the OUN and incited them to local residents. One of those who could publicly refute the statements of the Minister, was Bandera, who knew the background of the bloody events.
“Bandera Lviv as a co-organizer of the crime was the main witness to the atrocities of his boss Oberlander,” wrote the Soviet writer Vladimir Belyaev.
He is in the book “Formula is poison” quotes from newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung, which noted that “Bandera as a very unwelcome accomplice to the crimes of Oberlander in Lviv last time was in constant fear for my life.”
the Murder and consequences
Stepan Bandera was found still alive in the stairwell of the house on Critierias, 7, in Munich. He died on the way to the hospital. As examination has shown, the death was caused by poisoning with potassium cyanide.
it is Noteworthy that beside the leader of the nationalists were not bodyguards, they Bandera, typically fearful and cautious, for some reason gave off. The Soviet investigation, on this basis, suggested that Bandera was waiting to meet with an important man. The mysterious visitor could be Oberlander.
the Charges against the former leader of “Nachtigall”, the Soviet Union announced in 1962, during the trial of Bogdan Stashinsky. However, this has not affected the fate of the KGB agent, and he was sentenced to 8 years imprisonment. As for Oberlander, he remained inaccessible for “socialist justice”. In addition, in 1993, after the reunification of Germany, a court in Berlin officially rehabilitated a former Nazi, reversing the verdict of the East German judges.
In Ukraine, the murderer of Bandera is considered to be unconditionally Stashinsky. However, some Russian researchers, for example, Andrey Fedyaev, whose father worked with Nikitchenko, is still inclined to trust to the conclusions of the KGB. They argue that Stashinsky was a figurehead, and the murder really stood Oberlander. However, the main the argument in favor of this version is that of Oberlander, unlike the KGB, had a motive for murder, – is not tenable. The Soviet KGB could deal with Bandera just for revenge for the past.
* – an organization banned in Russia.
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