History 07/01/20 As Mannerheim in 1941, tried to seize the canal named after Stalin
the Canal named after Stalin went down in history not only because of the promotion of the “reformation” of the prisoners during construction. The white sea-Baltic waterway was an important economic and strategic importance for the whole of the North of Russia. It is understood and Finnish Marshal Gustaf Mannerheim, who in 1941 sent troops to capture the channel.
on the second day of the great Patriotic war, the leadership of the white sea canal, issued an order “On introduction of endangered status.” But navigation does not stop even under the bombing. For six months the enemy has brought down to the Central gateways 7 massive air strikes. The front line dangerously close to the channel.
on 5 December 1941, the Finnish “Karelian army” entered the Medvezhyegorsk. From here it is close to the “Polenezkoy ladder” — the so-called cascade of 7 gateways in the area from the Northern “claw” of lake Onega to Volozero. 7 December, on the decision of the command of the Karelian front, Soviet sappers blew up the floodgates, levees and dams. Thus water from a watershed of pools of the southern slope dropped to lake Onega. The result was a flooded coastal village of Povenets. Fortunately, the Soviet population it is not stayed, the staff of LBC in August evacuated in Belomorsk. But the waters drowned the vanguard of the enemy army, cars, tanks and artillery, staying in Povenets. As recalled veteran Finnish Erkki Savolainen, on the morning of 8 December when he sounded the alarm that the water is coming, just hit the bitter cold. As a result of flooding in the detachment of Savolainen of seven people, five of them died. Most Erkki managed, stepping to Wade through the icy water to reach land.
“Our clothes are icy and not starred. It had to be cut with a knife,” said a participant of the events on the Finnish side.
Fierce fighting at BelMorsko-Baltic canal continued until December 11. Break through the Finnish troops even managed to briefly occupy the village of Gabela on the Eastern shore, and for that lost his job Medvezh commander of troops, major-General Mikhail Knyazev. But in the end, the front line stabilized along the banks of the spread of the channel, the channel which became the neutral strip.
In January 1942, the Red Army even attempted a counterattack. Although in the end Russian soldiers returned to their original positions, this operation showed the Finns that their strategic advantage is exhausted. In 1942-43, none of the opponents did not attempt to cross the channel. The Finns built in the West Bank a long-term defensive zone with concrete pillboxes, trenches, barbed wire and minefields. Strengthened defense and Russian.
meanwhile, the Northern slope of the white sea canal operated until the end of the war. It was in a southerly direction unloaded under lend-lease to Murmansk weapons and food.
By the summer of 1944 the situation on the fronts changed. After lifting the siege of Leningrad, the Red Army received a “free hand” on the Karelian isthmus and in the area of Ladoga and Onega lakes. Svirski-Petrozavodsk operation in Karelia began on 21 June 1944. However, the 32-th army, commanded by Lieutenant General Philip Gorelenko, conducted reconnaissance already in the day before.
“it Became known that the Finnish troops – 1st infantry division and the 21st brigade regroup and prepare to make sail. Soviet troops were ordered to pursue the enemy. On the night of 21 June advanced units 313 th infantry divisions crossed the white sea-Baltic canal and with the sudden blow drove the enemy from the first line of defense. Then through the canal crossed the main forces of division” — describes the operation historian Vladimir Beshanov.
it is Worth noting that the Finnish troops in the channel was 2 times less than in 1943, as a significant part of their MannaRham was transferred to the Karelian isthmus. Immediately after the liberation has begun restoration of the destroyed part of the channel. The total amount applied BBK damage amounted to 92 million roubles. All the channel has commissioned in 1947. Again had to rebuild and the village of Povenets.
© Russian Seven
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