History 19/02/20 Dwight Eisenhower and Harry Трумэн7 the worst American presidents for the USSR
After the Second world war relations between the former allies – the USSR and the USA – has deteriorated. Strained, they remained until the mid-1980s. In this case, every American President had his own vision of the solution to the “Soviet problem.”
7. Richard Nixon, 37th U.S. President (1969-1974)
Nixon took the country into a period of internal socio-political crisis and the weakening of America on the international stage. Despite the strong anti-Communist views, in foreign policy, he tried to cooperate with the geopolitical opponents, primarily with the Soviet Union.
In November 1969, an Agreement was concluded on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, joined by the USSR and the USA. From 1972 to 1974 held three meetings between Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev, which were signed several important bilateral agreements. Through such dialogue, the world came the albeit small, but still the detente.
6. Dwight Eisenhower, 34th U.S. President (1953-1961 years.)
Eisenhower’s Political career began with the post of commander of NATO in Europe. He was confident in the ability of NATO to repel the Communist threat posed by the Soviet Union. What Eisenhower insisted on joining the bloc of Germany.
during his presidency, Eisenhower arranged two meetings with the Soviet leadership in 1955 and 1959. During the talks, though, and managed to bridge the gap, but could not agree on the German problem. And when in may 1960 near Sverdlovsk was shot down an American spy plane, barely incipient dialogue has been interrupted.
However, when Eisenhower before the onset of the crisis in Soviet-American relations, the countries signed a number of agreements in political, trade and ecoeconomic, cultural and educational spheres.
5. Jimmy Carter, 39th U.S. President (1977-1981 gg.)
the Cornerstone of the policy of Carter – the fight against violation of human rights. It was complicated by Soviet-American relations, as any such initiative of the White house in Moscow was perceived as an attack against the Soviet Union.
However, Carter sought to dialogue. In 1979, together with Brezhnev they had signed a Treaty to limit strategic arms (salt-2), which however, to enter into force did not, as the Soviet Union sent troops to Afghanistan.
After that, Carter took openly anti-Soviet position. The White house initiated against the Soviet Union, a number of economic and trade sanctions, in particular, imposed an embargo on the supply of grain and boycotted the Olympic games 1980 in Moscow.
4. Lyndon Johnson, the 36th U.S. President (1963-1969:)
the Main foreign policy event of the presidency of the Johnson intervention in the military conflict in Vietnam on the side of the anti-Communist forces, which naturally caused a negative reaction from the Soviet leadership.
Johnson Himself admitted that in some questions between the United States and the Soviet Union are “very serious disagreements”, but he expressed the hope that they can be resolved peacefully. However, Soviet Premier A. N. Kosygin was adamant: “we Cannot expect to improve relations, while the US is committing aggression against Vietnam”.
failed to establish interaction and at the summit, you’ll be in (USA). The question Kosygin, why do you protect Israel and help the Arabs, Johnson said: “We are defending the Jews because it is right.”
3. John F. Kennedy, 35th U.S. President (1961-1963)
a Tough stance against the Soviet Union Kennedy demonstrated, while still a Senator. He insisted on the need to wage a relentless war against communism, as in the zone of influence of the Soviet Union and in the United States.
In April 1961 on the initiative of the 35th President was SPvinirovna the invasion of counterrevolutionary forces in Cuba. The gamble failed, and relations with the Soviet Union finally upset. In the summer of 1961, Kennedy made an unsuccessful attempt to establish in Vienna with Khrushchev contact, leaving the sentence: “If this goes on, the weather in Europe will soon become disgusting.”
the Soviet leader did not remain in debt, responding to the attack colleagues: “If the United States starts a war against us, then Kennedy would be the last American President.” Only real threat of nuclear conflict has forced the us President to temper his zeal.
2. Ronald Reagan, 40th U.S. President (1981-1989)
the Course of the 40th us President was originally supposed confrontation with the Soviet Union. America’s goal was one: to undermine the economic and political power of the “evil Empire”. Better means than the arms race Reagan is not found.
For 8 years of his presidency, Reagan spent on the militarization of the 157 billion dollars budget. The lion’s share of the money “ate” program “Strategic defense initiative” (SDI), which was to provide total military superiority over the Soviets.
However, since the mid-1980s, the militancy of Reagan began to fade. To power in the Soviet Union came Mikhail Gorbachev, the aggressive rhetoric of the leader of the USA was replaced by a “friendly” attitude, he began to establish close and trusting relations with the country in which the transformation began.
1. Harry Truman 33rd U.S. President (1945-1953 gg.)
who Succeeded to the presidency of Franklin Roosevelt, Truman immediately took active anti-Soviet stance, accusing his predecessor of loyalty and concessions to the Stalinist regime. Being the head of the Committee on armaments, he said that to help in the Soviet-German conflict should be the one who will win.
the Dominant feature of his policy toward the Soviet Union was the so-called “Truman doctrine”, the idea of which was to deter the Soviet Union as the chief totalitarian States threaten the world dDemokratie.
the Culmination of the presidency of Truman and the creation of NATO, the invasion of American troops in Korea and the beginning of the cold war, which for decades will determine, Soviet-American relations.
© Russian Seven
Recommended statesalaska… Share: Comments Comments on article “the 7 worst American presidents for the Soviet Union” Please log in to leave a comment! br>
Share on Tumblr